EpiONT

IRI:
http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph/
Authors:
Daniele Francesco Santamaria
Daria Spampinato
Domenico Cantone
Francesca Prado
Marianna Nicolosi-Asmundo
Salvatore Cristofaro
Other visualisation:
Ontology source

Table of Content

  1. Classes
  2. Object Properties
  3. Data Properties
  4. Named Individuals
  5. Annotation Properties
  6. Namespace Declarations

Classes

Acquisitionc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E8_Acquisition

This class comprises transfers of legal ownership from one or more instances of E39 Actor to one or more other instances of E39 Actor. The class also applies to the establishment or loss of ownership of instances of E18 Physical Thing. It does not, however, imply changes of any other kinds of right. The recording of the donor and/or recipient is optional. It is possible that in an instance of E8 Acquisition there is either no donor or no recipient. Depending on the circumstances, it may describe:

  1. the beginning of ownership
  2. the end of ownership
  3. the transfer of ownership
  4. the acquisition from an unknown source
  5. the loss of title due to destruction of the item It may also describe events where a collector appropriates legal title, for example by annexation or field collection. The interpretation of the museum notion of "accession" differs between institutions. The CRM therefore models legal ownership (E8 Acquisition) and physical custody (E10 Transfer of Custody) separately. Institutions will then model their specific notions of accession and deaccession as combinations of these.
has super-classes
Activityc
is in domain of
transferred title fromop, transferred title ofop, transferred title toop
is in range of
acquired title throughop, changed ownership throughop, surrendered title throughop

Activityc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E7_Activity

This class comprises actions intentionally carried out by instances of E39 Actor that result in changes of state in the cultural, social, or physical systems documented. This notion includes complex, composite and long-lasting actions such as the building of a settlement or a war, as well as simple, short-lived actions such as the opening of a door.

has super-classes
Eventc
has sub-classes
Acquisitionc, Attribute Assignmentc, Creationc, Curation Activityc, Formationc, Joiningc, Leavingc, Modificationc, Movec, Transfer of Custodyc
is in domain of
carried out byop, continuedop, had general purposeop, had specific purposeop, used general techniqueop, used object of typeop, used specific objectop, used specific techniqueop, was continued byop, was influenced byop, was intended use ofop, was motivated byop
is in range of
continuedop, influencedop, motivatedop, performedop, was continued byop, was made forop, was purpose ofop, was purpose ofop, was technique ofop, was type of object used inop, was used byop, was used forop

Actorc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E39_Actor

This class comprises people, either individually or in groups, who have the potential to perform intentional actions of kinds for which someone may be held responsible. The CRM does not attempt to model the inadvertent actions of such actors. Individual people should be documented as instances of E21 Person, whereas groups should be documented as instances of either E74 Group or its subclass E40 Legal Body.

has super-classes
Persistent Itemc
has sub-classes
Groupc, Personc
is in domain of
acquired title throughop, has contact pointop, has current or former residenceop, has right onop, is current keeper ofop, is current or former curator ofop, is current or former member ofop, is current owner ofop, is former or current keeper ofop, is former or current owner ofop, is identified byop, left byop, participated inop, performedop, possessesop, received custody throughop, surrendered custody throughop, surrendered title throughop, was joined byop
is in range of
carried out byop, custody received byop, custody surrendered byop, had participantop, has current keeperop, has current or former curatorop, has current or former memberop, has current ownerop, has former or current keeperop, has former or current ownerop, identifiesop, is current or former residence ofop, is possessed byop, joinedop, provides access toop, right held byop, separatedop, transferred title fromop, transferred title toop

Actor Appellationc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E82_Actor_Appellation

This class comprises any sort of name, number, code or symbol characteristically used to identify an E39 Actor. An E39 Actor will typically have more than one E82 Actor Appellation, and instances of E82 Actor Appellation in turn may have alternative representations. The distinction between corporate and personal names, which is particularly important in library applications, should be made by explicitly linking the E82 Actor Appellation to an instance of either E21 Person or E74 Group/E40 Legal Body. If this is not possible, the distinction can be made through the use of the P2 has type mechanism.

has super-classes
Appellationc
is in domain of
identifiesop
is in range of
is identified byop

Addressc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E45_Address

This class comprises identifiers expressed in coding systems for places, such as postal addresses used for mailing. An E45 Address can be considered both as the name of an E53 Place and as an E51 Contact Point for an E39 Actor. This dual aspect is reflected in the multiple inheritance. However, some forms of mailing addresses, such as a postal box, are only instances of E51 Contact Point, since they do not identify any particular Place. These should not be documented as instances of E45 Address.

has super-classes
Place Appellationc
Contact Pointc

Appellationc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E41_Appellation

This class comprises signs, either meaningful or not, or arrangements of signs following a specific syntax, that are used or can be used to refer to and identify a specific instance of some class or category within a certain context. Instances of E41 Appellation do not identify things by their meaning, even if they happen to have one, but instead by convention, tradition, or agreement. Instances of E41 Appellation are cultural constructs; as such, they have a context, a history, and a use in time and space by some group of users. A given instance of E41 Appellation can have alternative forms, i.e., other instances of E41 Appellation that are always regarded as equivalent independent from the thing it denotes. Specific subclasses of E41 Appellation should be used when instances of E41 Appellation of a characteristic form are used for particular objects. Instances of E49 Time Appellation, for example, which take the form of instances of E50 Date, can be easily recognised. E41 Appellation should not be confused with the act of naming something. Cf. E15 Identifier Assignment

has super-classes
Symbolic Objectc
has sub-classes
Actor Appellationc, Conceptual Object Appellationc, Contact Pointc, Identifierc, Place Appellationc, Time Appellationc, Titlec
is in domain of
has alternative formop, identifiesop
is in range of
has alternative formop, is identified byop

Attribute Assignmentc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E13_Attribute_Assignment

This class comprises the actions of making assertions about properties of an object or any relation between two items or concepts. This class allows the documentation of how the respective assignment came about, and whose opinion it was. All the attributes or properties assigned in such an action can also be seen as directly attached to the respective item or concept, possibly as a collection of contradictory values. All cases of properties in this model that are also described indirectly through an action are characterised as "short cuts" of this action. This redundant modelling of two alternative views is preferred because many implementations may have good reasons to model either the action or the short cut, and the relation between both alternatives can be captured by simple rules. In particular, the class describes the actions of people making propositions and statements during certain museum procedures, e.g. the person and date when a condition statement was made, an identifier was assigned, the museum object was measured, etc. Which kinds of such assignments and statements need to be documented explicitly in structures of a schema rather than free text, depends on if this information should be accessible by structured queries.

has super-classes
Activityc
has sub-classes
Condition Assessmentc, Identifier Assignmentc, Measurementc, Type Assignmentc
is in domain of
assignedop, assigned attribute toop
is in range of
was assigned byop, was attributed byop

Authority Documentc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E32_Authority_Document

This class comprises encyclopaedia, thesauri, authority lists and other documents that define terminology or conceptual systems for consistent use.

has super-classes
Documentc
is in domain of
listsop
is in range of
is listed inop

Beginning of Existencec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E63_Beginning_of_Existence

This class comprises events that bring into existence any E77 Persistent Item. It may be used for temporal reasoning about things (intellectual products, physical items, groups of people, living beings) beginning to exist; it serves as a hook for determination of a terminus post quem and ante quem.

has super-classes
Eventc
has sub-classes
Birthc, Creationc, Formationc, Productionc, Transformationc
is in domain of
brought into existenceop
is in range of
was brought into existence byop

bibliographyc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#Bibliography

has super-classes
Documentc

Biological Objectc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E20_Biological_Object

This class comprises individual items of a material nature, which live, have lived or are natural products of or from living organisms. Artificial objects that incorporate biological elements, such as Victorian butterfly frames, can be documented as both instances of E20 Biological Object and E22 Man-Made Object.

has super-classes
Physical Objectc
has sub-classes
Personc

Birthc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E67_Birth

This class comprises the births of human beings. E67 Birth is a biological event focussing on the context of people coming into life. (E63 Beginning of Existence comprises the coming into life of any living beings). Twins, triplets etc. are brought into life by the same E67 Birth event. The introduction of the E67 Birth event as a documentation element allows the description of a range of family relationships in a simple model. Suitable extensions may describe more details and the complexity of motherhood with the intervention of modern medicine. In this model, the biological father is not seen as a necessary participant in the E67 Birth event.

has super-classes
Beginning of Existencec
is in domain of
brought into lifeop, by motherop, from fatherop
is in range of
gave birthop, was bornop, was father forop

chronologyc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#Chronology

has super-classes
Temporal Entityc
is in range of
has chronologyop

Collectionc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E78_Collection

This class comprises aggregations of instances of E18 Physical Thing that are assembled and maintained ("curated" and "preserved", in museological terminology) by one or more instances of E39 Actor over time for a specific purpose and audience, and according to a particular collection development plan.
Items may be added or removed from an E78 Collection in pursuit of this plan. This class should not be confused with the E39 Actor maintaining the E78 Collection often referred to with the name of the E78 Collection (e.g. “The Wallace Collection decided…”). Collective objects in the general sense, like a tomb full of gifts, a folder with stamps or a set of chessmen, should be documented as instances of E19 Physical Object, and not as instances of E78 Collection. This is because they form wholes either because they are physically bound together or because they are kept together for their functionality.

has super-classes
Physical Man-Made Thingc
is in domain of
has current or former curatorop, was curated byop
is in range of
curatedop, is current or former curator ofop

collocationc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#Collocation

has super-classes
Placec
is in range of
has current collocationop

Conceptual Objectc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E28_Conceptual_Object

This class comprises non-material products of our minds and other human produced data that have become objects of a discourse about their identity, circumstances of creation or historical implication. The production of such information may have been supported by the use of technical devices such as cameras or computers. Characteristically, instances of this class are created, invented or thought by someone, and then may be documented or communicated between persons. Instances of E28 Conceptual Object have the ability to exist on more than one particular carrier at the same time, such as paper, electronic signals, marks, audio media, paintings, photos, human memories, etc. They cannot be destroyed. They exist as long as they can be found on at least one carrier or in at least one human memory. Their existence ends when the last carrier and the last memory are lost.

has super-classes
Man-Made Thingc
has sub-classes
Propositional Objectc, Symbolic Objectc, Typec
is in domain of
is identified byop, was created byop
is in range of
has createdop, identifiesop

Conceptual Object Appellationc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E75_Conceptual_Object_Appellation

This class comprises appellations that are by their form or syntax specific to identifying instances of E28 Conceptual Object, such as intellectual products, standardized patterns etc.

has super-classes
Appellationc
is in domain of
identifiesop
is in range of
is identified byop

Condition Assessmentc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E14_Condition_Assessment

This class describes the act of assessing the state of preservation of an object during a particular period. The condition assessment may be carried out by inspection, measurement or through historical research. This class is used to document circumstances of the respective assessment that may be relevant to interpret its quality at a later stage, or to continue research on related documents.

has super-classes
Attribute Assignmentc
is in domain of
concernedop, has identifiedop
is in range of
was assessed byop, was identified byop

Condition Statec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E3_Condition_State

This class comprises the states of objects characterised by a certain condition over a time-span. An instance of this class describes the prevailing physical condition of any material object or feature during a specific E52 Time Span. In general, the time-span for which a certain condition can be asserted may be shorter than the real time-span, for which this condition held. The nature of that condition can be described using P2 has type. For example, the E3 Condition State “condition of the SS Great Britain between 22 September 1846 and 27 August 1847” can be characterized as E55 Type “wrecked”.

has super-classes
Temporal Entityc
is in domain of
consists ofop, forms part ofop, is condition ofop, was identified byop
is in range of
consists ofop, forms part ofop, has conditionop, has identifiedop

Contact Pointc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E51_Contact_Point

This class comprises identifiers employed, or understood, by communication services to direct communications to an instance of E39 Actor. These include E-mail addresses, telephone numbers, post office boxes, Fax numbers, URLs etc. Most postal addresses can be considered both as instances of E44 Place Appellation and E51 Contact Point. In such cases the subclass E45 Address should be used. URLs are addresses used by machines to access another machine through an http request. Since the accessed machine acts on behalf of the E39 Actor providing the machine, URLs are considered as instances of E51 Contact Point to that E39 Actor.

has super-classes
Appellationc
has sub-classes
Addressc
is in domain of
provides access toop
is in range of
has contact pointop

Creationc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E65_Creation

This class comprises events that result in the creation of conceptual items or immaterial products, such as legends, poems, texts, music, images, movies, laws, types etc.

has super-classes
Beginning of Existencec
Activityc
has sub-classes
Type Creationc
is in domain of
has createdop
is in range of
was created byop

CRM Entityc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E1_CRM_Entity

This class comprises all things in the universe of discourse of the CIDOC Conceptual Reference Model. It is an abstract concept providing for three general properties:

  1. Identification by name or appellation, and in particular by a preferred identifier
  2. Classification by type, allowing further refinement of the specific subclass an instance belongs to
  3. Attachment of free text for the expression of anything not captured by formal properties With the exception of E59 Primitive Value, all other classes within the CRM are directly or indirectly specialisations of E1 CRM Entity.
has sub-classes
Dimensionc, Persistent Itemc, Placec, Spacetime Volumec, Temporal Entityc, Time-Spanc, guessed locationc, loc estimationc
is in domain of
exemplifiesop, has notedp, has preferred identifierop, has representationop, has typeop, influencedop, is depicted byop, is documented inop, is identified byop, is listed inop, is referred to byop, is subject ofop, motivatedop, supported type creationop, was assigned byop, was attributed byop, was classified byop, was measured byop
is in range of
assignedop, assigned attribute toop, classifiedop, depictsop, documentsop, identifiesop, is aboutop, is exemplified byop, is preferred identifier ofop, is type ofop, listsop, measuredop, refers toop, representsop, was based onop, was influenced byop, was motivated byop

Curation Activityc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E87_Curation_Activity

This class comprises the activities that result in the continuity of management and the preservation and evolution of instances of E78 Collection, following an implicit or explicit curation plan. It specializes the notion of activity into the curation of a collection and allows the history of curation to be recorded. Items are accumulated and organized following criteria like subject, chronological period, material type, style of art etc. and can be added or removed from an E78 Collection for a specific purpose and/or audience. The initial aggregation of items of a collection is regarded as an instance of E12 Production Event while the activity of evolving, preserving and promoting a collection is regarded as an instance of E87 Curation Activity.

has super-classes
Activityc
is in domain of
curatedop
is in range of
was curated byop

Datec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E50_Date

This class comprises specific forms of E49 Time Appellation.

has super-classes
Time Appellationc

datec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#Date

has super-classes
Temporal Entityc
has sub-classes
end datec, start datec
is in domain of
has datedp

Deathc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E69_Death

This class comprises the deaths of human beings. If a person is killed, their death should be instantiated as E69 Death and as E7 Activity. The death or perishing of other living beings should be documented using E64 End of Existence.

has super-classes
End of Existencec
is in domain of
was death ofop
is in range of
died inop

Design or Procedurec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E29_Design_or_Procedure

This class comprises documented plans for the execution of actions in order to achieve a result of a specific quality, form or contents. In particular it comprises plans for deliberate human activities that may result in the modification or production of instances of E24 Physical Thing. Instances of E29 Design or Procedure can be structured in parts and sequences or depend on others. This is modelled using P69 has association with (is associated with). Designs or procedures can be seen as one of the following:

  1. A schema for the activities it describes
  2. A schema of the products that result from their application.
  3. An independent intellectual product that may have never been applied, such as Leonardo da Vinci’s famous plans for flying machines. Because designs or procedures may never be applied or only partially executed, the CRM models a loose relationship between the plan and the respective product.
has super-classes
Information Objectc
is in domain of
foresees use ofop, is associated withop, was used byop
is in range of
is associated withop, use foreseen byop, used specific techniqueop

Destructionc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E6_Destruction

This class comprises events that destroy one or more instances of E18 Physical Thing such that they lose their identity as the subjects of documentation.
Some destruction events are intentional, while others are independent of human activity. Intentional destruction may be documented by classifying the event as both an E6 Destruction and E7 Activity. The decision to document an object as destroyed, transformed or modified is context sensitive:

  1. If the matter remaining from the destruction is not documented, the event is modelled solely as E6 Destruction.
  2. An event should also be documented using E81 Transformation if it results in the destruction of one or more objects and the simultaneous production of others using parts or material from the original. In this case, the new items have separate identities. Matter is preserved, but identity is not.
  3. When the initial identity of the changed instance of E18 Physical Thing is preserved, the event should be documented as E11 Modification.
has super-classes
End of Existencec
is in domain of
destroyedop
is in range of
was destroyed byop

Dimensionc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E54_Dimension

This class comprises quantifiable properties that can be measured by some calibrated means and can be approximated by values, i.e. points or regions in a mathematical or conceptual space, such as natural or real numbers, RGB values etc. An instance of E54 Dimension represents the true quantity, independent from its numerical approximation, e.g. in inches or in cm. The properties of the class E54 Dimension allow for expressing the numerical approximation of the values of an instance of E54 Dimension. If the true values belong to a non-discrete space, such as spatial distances, it is recommended to record them as approximations by intervals or regions of indeterminacy enclosing the assumed true values. For instance, a length of 5 cm may be recorded as 4.5-5.5 cm, according to the precision of the respective observation. Note, that interoperability of values described in different units depends critically on the representation as value regions. Numerical approximations in archaic instances of E58 Measurement Unit used in historical records should be preserved. Equivalents corresponding to current knowledge should be recorded as additional instances of E54 Dimension as appropriate.

has super-classes
CRM Entityc
has sub-classes
dimensionc
is in domain of
has unitop, has valuedp, is dimension ofop, was maximum duration ofop, was minimum duration ofop, was observed inop
is in range of
had at least durationop, had at most durationop, has dimensionop, is unit ofop, observed dimensionop

dimensionc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#Dimension

has super-classes
Dimensionc
has sub-classes
dimension 1c, dimension 2c, dimension 3c, max dimensionc, min dimensionc
is in range of
has dimensionop

dimension 1c back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#Dimension_1

has super-classes
dimensionc

dimension 2c back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#Dimension_2

has super-classes
dimensionc

dimension 3c back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#Dimension_3

has super-classes
dimensionc

discovery eventc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#Discovery_Event

has super-classes
Eventc
is in domain of
brought to lightop, has discovery placeop

Dissolutionc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E68_Dissolution

This class comprises the events that result in the formal or informal termination of an E74 Group of people. If the dissolution was deliberate, the Dissolution event should also be instantiated as an E7 Activity.

has super-classes
End of Existencec
is in domain of
dissolvedop
is in range of
was dissolved byop

Documentc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E31_Document

This class comprises identifiable immaterial items that make propositions about reality. These propositions may be expressed in text, graphics, images, audiograms, videograms or by other similar means. Documentation databases are regarded as a special case of E31 Document. This class should not be confused with the term “document” in Information Technology, which is compatible with E73 Information Object.

has super-classes
Information Objectc
has sub-classes
Authority Documentc, bibliographyc
is in domain of
documentsop
is in range of
is documented inop

end datec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#End_Date

has super-classes
datec
is in range of
has end dateop

End of Existencec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E64_End_of_Existence

This class comprises events that end the existence of any E77 Persistent Item. It may be used for temporal reasoning about things (physical items, groups of people, living beings) ceasing to exist; it serves as a hook for determination of a terminus postquem and antequem. In cases where substance from a Persistent Item continues to exist in a new form, the process would be documented by E81 Transformation.

has super-classes
Eventc
has sub-classes
Deathc, Destructionc, Dissolutionc, Transformationc
is in domain of
took out of existenceop
is in range of
was taken out of existence byop

epigraphc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#Epigraph

has super-classes
Physical Man-Made Thingc

epigraph execution activityc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#Epigraph_Execution_Activity

has super-classes
Productionc

epigraph fieldc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#EpigraphField

has super-classes
Physical Man-Made Thingc
is in domain of
has inscriptionop

epigraph inscriptionc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#EpigraphInscription

has super-classes
Inscriptionc
is in range of
has inscriptionop

epigraph supportc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#EpigraphSupport

has super-classes
Physical Man-Made Thingc
has sub-classes
epigraph support fragmentc

epigraph support fragmentc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#EpigraphSupportFragment

has super-classes
epigraph supportc

epigraph surfacec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#EpigraphSurface

has super-classes
Physical Man-Made Thingc

epigraph transfer activityc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#Epigraph_Transfer_Activity

has super-classes
Movec

epigraph writing stylec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#EpigraphWritingStyle

has super-classes
Typec
is in range of
has epigraph writing styleop

Eventc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E5_Event

This class comprises changes of states in cultural, social or physical systems, regardless of scale, brought about by a series or group of coherent physical, cultural, technological or legal phenomena. Such changes of state will affect instances of E77 Persistent Item or its subclasses. The distinction between an E5 Event and an E4 Period is partly a question of the scale of observation. Viewed at a coarse level of detail, an E5 Event is an ‘instantaneous’ change of state. At a fine level, the E5 Event can be analysed into its component phenomena within a space and time frame, and as such can be seen as an E4 Period. The reverse is not necessarily the case: not all instances of E4 Period give rise to a noteworthy change of state.

has super-classes
Periodc
has sub-classes
Activityc, Beginning of Existencec, End of Existencec, discovery eventc, motivationc
is in domain of
had participantop, occurred in the presence ofop, was purpose ofop
is in range of
had specific purposeop, participated inop, was present atop

execution typec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#Execution_Type

has super-classes
Typec
has sub-classes
writingc
is in range of
has execution typeop

Formationc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E66_Formation

This class comprises events that result in the formation of a formal or informal E74 Group of people, such as a club, society, association, corporation or nation. E66 Formation does not include the arbitrary aggregation of people who do not act as a collective. The formation of an instance of E74 Group does not require that the group is populated with members at the time of formation. In order to express the joining of members at the time of formation, the respective activity should be simultaneously an instance of both E66 Formation and E85 Joining.

has super-classes
Beginning of Existencec
Activityc
is in domain of
has formedop, was formed fromop
is in range of
participated inop, was formed byop

Groupc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E74_Group

This class comprises any gatherings or organizations of E39 Actors that act collectively or in a similar way due to any form of unifying relationship. In the wider sense this class also comprises official positions which used to be regarded in certain contexts as one actor, independent of the current holder of the office, such as the president of a country. In such cases, it may happen that the Group never had more than one member. A joint pseudonym (i.e., a name that seems indicative of an individual but that is actually used as a persona by two or more people) is a particular case of E74 Group. A gathering of people becomes an E74 Group when it exhibits organizational characteristics usually typified by a set of ideas or beliefs held in common, or actions performed together. These might be communication, creating some common artifact, a common purpose such as study, worship, business, sports, etc. Nationality can be modeled as membership in an E74 Group (cf. HumanML markup). Married couples and other concepts of family are regarded as particular examples of E74 Group.

has super-classes
Actorc
has sub-classes
Legal Bodyc
is in domain of
gained member byop, has current or former memberop, lost member byop, participated inop, was dissolved byop, was formed byop
is in range of
dissolvedop, has formedop, is current or former member ofop, joined withop, separated fromop, was formed fromop

guessed locationc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#GuessedLocation

has super-classes
CRM Entityc

historical periodc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#Historical_Period

has super-classes
Time-Spanc
is in range of
has historical periodop

Identifierc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E42_Identifier

This class comprises strings or codes assigned to instances of E1 CRM Entity in order to identify them uniquely and permanently within the context of one or more organisations. Such codes are often known as inventory numbers, registration codes, etc. and are typically composed of alphanumeric sequences. The class E42 Identifier is not normally used for machine-generated identifiers used for automated processing unless these are also used by human agents.

has super-classes
Appellationc
is in domain of
is preferred identifier ofop, was assigned byop, was deassigned byop
is in range of
assignedop, deassignedop, has preferred identifierop

Identifier Assignmentc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E15_Identifier_Assignment

This class comprises activities that result in the allocation of an identifier to an instance of E1 CRM Entity. An E15 Identifier Assignment may include the creation of the identifier from multiple constituents, which themselves may be instances of E41 Appellation. The syntax and kinds of constituents to be used may be declared in a rule constituting an instance of E29 Design or Procedure. Examples of such identifiers include Find Numbers, Inventory Numbers, uniform titles in the sense of librarianship and Digital Object Identifiers (DOI). Documenting the act of identifier assignment and deassignment is especially useful when objects change custody or the identification system of an organization is changed. In order to keep track of the identity of things in such cases, it is important to document by whom, when and for what purpose an identifier is assigned to an item. The fact that an identifier is a preferred one for an organisation can be expressed by using the property E1 CRM Entity. P48 has preferred identifier (is preferred identifier of): E42 Identifier. It can better be expressed in a context independent form by assigning a suitable E55 Type, such as “preferred identifier assignment”, to the respective instance of E15 Identifier Assignment via the P2 has type property.

has super-classes
Attribute Assignmentc
is in domain of
assignedop, deassignedop, used constituentop
is in range of
was assigned byop, was deassigned byop, was used inop

Imagec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E38_Image

This class comprises distributions of form, tone and colour that may be found on surfaces such as photos, paintings, prints and sculptures or directly on electronic media. The degree to which variations in the distribution of form and colour affect the identity of an instance of E38 Image depends on a given purpose. The original painting of the Mona Lisa in the Louvre may be said to bear the same instance of E38 Image as reproductions in the form of transparencies, postcards, posters or T-shirts, even though they may differ in size and carrier and may vary in tone and colour. The images in a “spot the difference” competition are not the same with respect to their context, however similar they may at first appear.

has super-classes
Visual Itemc

Information Carrierc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E84_Information_Carrier

This class comprises all instances of E22 Man-Made Object that are explicitly designed to act as persistent physical carriers for instances of E73 Information Object. An E84 Information Carrier may or may not contain information, e.g., a diskette. Note that any E18 Physical Thing may carry information, such as an E34 Inscription. However, unless it was specifically designed for this purpose, it is not an Information Carrier. Therefore the property P128 carries (is carried by) applies to E18 Physical Thing in general.

has super-classes
Man-Made Objectc

Information Objectc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E73_Information_Object

This class comprises identifiable immaterial items, such as a poems, jokes, data sets, images, texts, multimedia objects, procedural prescriptions, computer program code, algorithm or mathematical formulae, that have an objectively recognizable structure and are documented as single units. The encoding structure known as a "named graph" also falls under this class, so that each "named graph" is an instance of an E73 Information Object. An E73 Information Object does not depend on a specific physical carrier, which can include human memory, and it can exist on one or more carriers simultaneously. Instances of E73 Information Object of a linguistic nature should be declared as instances of the E33 Linguistic Object subclass. Instances of E73 Information Object of a documentary nature should be declared as instances of the E31 Document subclass. Conceptual items such as types and classes are not instances of E73 Information Object, nor are ideas without a reproducible expression.

has super-classes
Propositional Objectc
Symbolic Objectc
has sub-classes
Design or Procedurec, Documentc, Linguistic Objectc, Visual Itemc
is in domain of
incorporatesop
is in range of
is incorporated inop

Inscriptionc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E34_Inscription

This class comprises recognisable, short texts attached to instances of E24 Physical Man-Made Thing. The transcription of the text can be documented in a note by P3 has note: E62 String. The alphabet used can be documented by P2 has type: E55 Type. This class does not intend to describe the idiosyncratic characteristics of an individual physical embodiment of an inscription, but the underlying prototype. The physical embodiment is modelled in the CRM as E24 Physical Man-Made Thing. The relationship of a physical copy of a book to the text it contains is modelled using E84 Information Carrier. P128 carries (is carried by): E33 Linguistic Object.

has super-classes
Linguistic Objectc
Markc
has sub-classes
epigraph inscriptionc

inscription graphemec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#InscriptionGrapheme

has super-classes
Symbolic Objectc

inscription languagec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#Inscription_Language

has super-classes
Languagec

inscription sectionc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#InscriptionSection

has super-classes
Symbolic Objectc

inscription translationc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#InscriptionTranslation

has super-classes
Linguistic Objectc

Joiningc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E85_Joining

This class comprises the activities that result in an instance of E39 Actor becoming a member of an instance of E74 Group. This class does not imply initiative by either party. It may be the initiative of a third party. Typical scenarios include becoming a member of a social organisation, becoming employee of a company, marriage, the adoption of a child by a family and the inauguration of somebody into an official position.

has super-classes
Activityc
is in domain of
joinedop, joined withop
is in range of
gained member byop, was joined byop

Languagec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E56_Language

This class is a specialization of E55 Type and comprises the natural languages in the sense of concepts. This type is used categorically in the model without reference to instances of it, i.e. the Model does not foresee the description of instances of instances of E56 Language, e.g.: “instances of Mandarin Chinese”. It is recommended that internationally or nationally agreed codes and terminology are used to denote instances of E56 Language, such as those defined in ISO 639:1988.

has super-classes
Typec
has sub-classes
inscription languagec
is in domain of
is language ofop
is in range of
has languageop

Leavingc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E86_Leaving

This class comprises the activities that result in an instance of E39 Actor to be disassociated from an instance of E74 Group. This class does not imply initiative by either party. It may be the initiative of a third party. Typical scenarios include the termination of membership in a social organisation, ending the employment at a company, divorce, and the end of tenure of somebody in an official position.

has super-classes
Activityc
is in domain of
separatedop, separated fromop
is in range of
left byop, lost member byop

Legal Bodyc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E40_Legal_Body

This class comprises institutions or groups of people that have obtained a legal recognition as a group and can act collectively as agents.
This means that they can perform actions, own property, create or destroy things and can be held collectively responsible for their actions like individual people. The term 'personne morale' is often used for this in French.

has super-classes
Groupc

Legal Objectc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E72_Legal_Object

This class comprises those material or immaterial items to which instances of E30 Right, such as the right of ownership or use, can be applied. This is true for all E18 Physical Thing. In the case of instances of E28 Conceptual Object, however, the identity of the E28 Conceptual Object or the method of its use may be too ambiguous to reliably establish instances of E30 Right, as in the case of taxa and inspirations. Ownership of corporations is currently regarded as out of scope of the CRM.

has super-classes
Thingc
has sub-classes
Physical Thingc, Symbolic Objectc
is in domain of
is subject toop, right held byop
is in range of
applies toop, has right onop

Linguistic Objectc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E33_Linguistic_Object

This class comprises identifiable expressions in natural language or languages. Instances of E33 Linguistic Object can be expressed in many ways: e.g. as written texts, recorded speech or sign language. However, the CRM treats instances of E33 Linguistic Object independently from the medium or method by which they are expressed. Expressions in formal languages, such as computer code or mathematical formulae, are not treated as instances of E33 Linguistic Object by the CRM. These should be modelled as instances of E73 Information Object. The text of an instance of E33 Linguistic Object can be documented in a note by P3 has note: E62 String

has super-classes
Information Objectc
has sub-classes
Inscriptionc, Titlec, inscription translationc
is in domain of
has languageop, has translationop, is translation ofop
is in range of
has translationop, is language ofop, is translation ofop

loc estimationc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#LocEstimation

has super-classes
CRM Entityc

Man-Made Featurec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E25_Man-Made_Feature

This class comprises physical features that are purposely created by human activity, such as scratches, artificial caves, artificial water channels, etc. No assumptions are made as to the extent of modification required to justify regarding a feature as man-made. For example, rock art or even “cup and ring” carvings on bedrock a regarded as types of E25 Man-Made Feature.

has super-classes
Physical Man-Made Thingc
Physical Featurec

Man-Made Objectc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E22_Man-Made_Object

This class comprises physical objects purposely created by human activity. No assumptions are made as to the extent of modification required to justify regarding an object as man-made. For example, an inscribed piece of rock or a preserved butterfly are both regarded as instances of E22 Man-Made Object.

has super-classes
Physical Objectc
Physical Man-Made Thingc
has sub-classes
Information Carrierc

Man-Made Thingc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E71_Man-Made_Thing

This class comprises discrete, identifiable man-made items that are documented as single units. These items are either intellectual products or man-made physical things, and are characterized by relative stability. They may for instance have a solid physical form, an electronic encoding, or they may be logical concepts or structures.

has super-classes
Thingc
has sub-classes
Conceptual Objectc, Physical Man-Made Thingc
is in domain of
has titleop, was intended forop, was made forop
is in range of
is title ofop, was intended use ofop, was intention ofop

Markc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E37_Mark

This class comprises symbols, signs, signatures or short texts applied to instances of E24 Physical Man-Made Thing by arbitrary techniques in order to indicate the creator, owner, dedications, purpose, etc. This class specifically excludes features that have no semantic significance, such as scratches or tool marks. These should be documented as instances of E25 Man-Made Feature.

has super-classes
Visual Itemc
has sub-classes
Inscriptionc

Materialc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E57_Material

This class is a specialization of E55 Type and comprises the concepts of materials. Instances of E57 Material may denote properties of matter before its use, during its use, and as incorporated in an object, such as ultramarine powder, tempera paste, reinforced concrete. Discrete pieces of raw-materials kept in museums, such as bricks, sheets of fabric, pieces of metal, should be modelled individually in the same way as other objects. Discrete used or processed pieces, such as the stones from Nefer Titi's temple, should be modelled as parts (cf. P46 is composed of). This type is used categorically in the model without reference to instances of it, i.e. the Model does not foresee the description of instances of instances of E57 Material, e.g.: “instances of gold”. It is recommended that internationally or nationally agreed codes and terminology are used.

has super-classes
Typec
has sub-classes
materialc
is in domain of
is incorporated inop, use foreseen byop, was employed inop
is in range of
consists ofop, employedop, foresees use ofop

materialc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: https://www.eagle-network.eu/voc/material/lod#Material

has super-classes
Materialc
has members
1ni, 10ni, 10ni, 100ni, 101ni, 102ni, 103ni, 104ni, 105ni, 106ni, 107ni, 108ni, 109ni, 11ni, 11ni, 110ni, 111ni, 112ni, 113ni, 114ni, 115ni, 116ni, 117ni, 118ni, 119ni, 12ni, 12ni, 120ni, 121ni, 122ni, 123ni, 124ni, 125ni, 126ni, 127ni, 128ni, 129ni, 13ni, 13ni, 130ni, 131ni, 132ni, 133ni, 134ni, 135ni, 136ni, 137ni, 138ni, 14ni, 14ni, 15ni, 15ni, 16ni, 16ni, 17ni, 17ni, 18ni, 18ni, 19ni, 19ni, 2ni, 2ni, 20ni, 20ni, 21ni, 21ni, 22ni, 22ni, 23ni, 23ni, 232ni, 233ni, 234ni, 24ni, 24ni, 25ni, 25ni, 251ni, 258ni, 259ni, 26ni, 26ni, 27ni, 27ni, 28ni, 28ni, 288ni, 289ni, 29ni, 290ni, 291ni, 292ni, 293ni, 294ni, 295ni, 297ni, 298ni, 299ni, 3ni, 3ni, 30ni, 30ni, 300ni, 301ni, 302ni, 304ni, 305ni, 306ni, 307ni, 308ni, 309ni, 31ni, 31ni, 310ni, 311ni, 312ni, 313ni, 314ni, 315ni, 317ni, 318ni, 319ni, 32ni, 32ni, 320ni, 321ni, 33ni, 33ni, 34ni, 34ni, 35ni, 35ni, 352ni, 353ni, 354ni, 355ni, 356ni, 357ni, 358ni, 359ni, 36ni, 36ni, 360ni, 361ni, 362ni, 363ni, 364ni, 365ni, 366ni, 37ni, 37ni, 38ni, 38ni, 39ni, 39ni, 4ni, 4ni, 40ni, 40ni, 41ni, 41ni, 42ni, 42ni, 43ni, 43ni, 44ni, 44ni, 45ni, 45ni, 46ni, 46ni, 47ni, 47ni, 48ni, 48ni, 49ni, 49ni, 5ni, 5ni, 50ni, 50ni, 502ni, 507ni, 51ni, 51ni, 52ni, 53ni, 53ni, 54ni, 54ni, 55ni, 55ni, 56ni, 56ni, 57ni, 57ni, 58ni, 58ni, 59ni, 59ni, 6ni, 6ni, 60ni, 60ni, 604ni, 61ni, 61ni, 62ni, 62ni, 63ni, 63ni, 64ni, 64ni, 642ni, 643ni, 644ni, 647ni, 648ni, 65ni, 65ni, 66ni, 66ni, 67ni, 67ni, 68ni, 68ni, 69ni, 7ni, 7ni, 70ni, 71ni, 71ni, 72ni, 72ni, 73ni, 735ni, 736ni, 737ni, 738ni, 739ni, 74ni, 740ni, 741ni, 742ni, 743ni, 744ni, 745ni, 746ni, 747ni, 748ni, 749ni, 75ni, 750ni, 751ni, 76ni, 77ni, 78ni, 79ni, 8ni, 8ni, 80ni, 81ni, 82ni, 83ni, 84ni, 85ni, 86ni, 87ni, 88ni, 89ni, 9ni, 9ni, 90ni, 91ni, 92ni, 93ni, 94ni, 95ni, 96ni, 97ni, 98ni, 99ni

max dimensionc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#MaxDimension

has super-classes
dimensionc

Measurementc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E16_Measurement

This class comprises actions measuring physical properties and other values that can be determined by a systematic procedure. Examples include measuring the monetary value of a collection of coins or the running time of a specific video cassette. The E16 Measurement may use simple counting or tools, such as yardsticks or radiation detection devices. The interest is in the method and care applied, so that the reliability of the result may be judged at a later stage, or research continued on the associated documents. The date of the event is important for dimensions, which may change value over time, such as the length of an object subject to shrinkage. Details of methods and devices are best handled as free text, whereas basic techniques such as "carbon 14 dating" should be encoded using P2 has type (is type of:) E55 Type.

has super-classes
Attribute Assignmentc
is in domain of
measuredop, observed dimensionop
is in range of
was measured byop, was observed inop

Measurement Unitc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E58_Measurement_Unit

This class is a specialization of E55 Type and comprises the types of measurement units: feet, inches, centimetres, litres, lumens, etc. This type is used categorically in the model without reference to instances of it, i.e. the Model does not foresee the description of instances of instances of E58 Measurement Unit, e.g.: “instances of cm”. Syst?me International (SI) units or internationally recognized non-SI terms should be used whenever possible. (ISO 1000:1992). Archaic Measurement Units used in historical records should be preserved.

has super-classes
Typec
has sub-classes
measurement unitc
is in domain of
is unit ofop
is in range of
has unitop

measurement unitc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#MeasurementUnit

has super-classes
Measurement Unitc
is in range of
has unit measureop
has members
centimetreni

min dimensionc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#MinDimension

has super-classes
dimensionc

Modificationc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E11_Modification

This class comprises all instances of E7 Activity that create, alter or change E24 Physical Man-Made Thing. This class includes the production of an item from raw materials, and other so far undocumented objects, and the preventive treatment or restoration of an object for conservation. Since the distinction between modification and production is not always clear, modification is regarded as the more generally applicable concept. This implies that some items may be consumed or destroyed in a Modification, and that others may be produced as a result of it. An event should also be documented using E81 Transformation if it results in the destruction of one or more objects and the simultaneous production of others using parts or material from the originals. In this case, the new items have separate identities. If the instance of the E29 Design or Procedure utilized for the modification prescribes the use of specific materials, they should be documented using property P68 foresees use of (use foreseen by): E57 Material of E29 Design or Procedure, rather than via P126 employed (was employed in): E57 Material.

has super-classes
Activityc
has sub-classes
Part Additionc, Part Removalc, Productionc
is in domain of
employedop, has modifiedop
is in range of
was employed inop, was modified byop

motivationc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#Motivation

has super-classes
Eventc
is in range of
has motivationop

Movec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E9_Move

This class comprises changes of the physical location of the instances of E19 Physical Object. Note, that the class E9 Move inherits the property P7 took place at (witnessed): E53 Place. This property should be used to describe the trajectory or a larger area within which a move takes place, whereas the properties P26 moved to (was destination of), P27 moved from (was origin of) describe the start and end points only. Moves may also be documented to consist of other moves (via P9 consists of (forms part of)), in order to describe intermediate stages on a trajectory. In that case, start and end points of the partial moves should match appropriately between each other and with the overall event.

has super-classes
Activityc
has sub-classes
epigraph transfer activityc
is in domain of
movedop, moved fromop, moved toop
is in range of
moved byop, was destination ofop, was origin ofop

obj typec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: https://www.eagle-network.eu/voc/objtyp/lod#ObjType

has super-classes
Typec
has members
10ni, 100ni, 101ni, 102ni, 1020ni, 1021ni, 103ni, 104ni, 105ni, 106ni, 107ni, 1074ni, 108ni, 109ni, 11ni, 110ni, 111ni, 112ni, 1128ni, 1129ni, 113ni, 1131ni, 114ni, 1140ni, 1141ni, 1144ni, 115ni, 1152ni, 1153ni, 1154ni, 1159ni, 116ni, 117ni, 1171ni, 1179ni, 118ni, 1182ni, 119ni, 1191ni, 1193ni, 1194ni, 1199ni, 12ni, 120ni, 1201ni, 121ni, 1211ni, 1212ni, 122ni, 1221ni, 123ni, 1232ni, 1234ni, 1238ni, 124ni, 1240ni, 1243ni, 1247ni, 125ni, 1251ni, 1253ni, 126ni, 1264ni, 1265ni, 1268ni, 127ni, 1275ni, 1277ni, 128ni, 1284ni, 1285ni, 1287ni, 129ni, 1290ni, 1293ni, 1295ni, 1297ni, 1299ni, 13ni, 130ni, 1302ni, 1306ni, 131ni, 1313ni, 1317ni, 132ni, 1320ni, 1323ni, 133ni, 1336ni, 1338ni, 134ni, 1342ni, 1343ni, 1346ni, 135ni, 136ni, 137ni, 1370ni, 1372ni, 1376ni, 1377ni, 138ni, 1380ni, 1381ni, 1382ni, 1385ni, 139ni, 1391ni, 1398ni, 1399ni, 14ni, 140ni, 1400ni, 1401ni, 1402ni, 1405ni, 1406ni, 1407ni, 1409ni, 141ni, 1414ni, 1416ni, 1417ni, 1418ni, 142ni, 1421ni, 1423ni, 1424ni, 1425ni, 1427ni, 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Part Additionc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E79_Part_Addition

This class comprises activities that result in an instance of E24 Physical Man-Made Thing being increased, enlarged or augmented by the addition of a part. Typical scenarios include the attachment of an accessory, the integration of a component, the addition of an element to an aggregate object, or the accessioning of an object into a curated E78 Collection. Objects to which parts are added are, by definition, man-made, since the addition of a part implies a human activity. Following the addition of parts, the resulting man-made assemblages are treated objectively as single identifiable wholes, made up of constituent or component parts bound together either physically (for example the engine becoming a part of the car), or by sharing a common purpose (such as the 32 chess pieces that make up a chess set). This class of activities forms a basis for reasoning about the history and continuity of identity of objects that are integrated into other objects over time, such as precious gemstones being repeatedly incorporated into different items of jewellery, or cultural artifacts being added to different museum instances of E78 Collection over their lifespan.

has super-classes
Modificationc
is in domain of
addedop, augmentedop
is in range of
was added byop, was augmented byop

Part Removalc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E80_Part_Removal

This class comprises the activities that result in an instance of E18 Physical Thing being decreased by the removal of a part. Typical scenarios include the detachment of an accessory, the removal of a component or part of a composite object, or the deaccessioning of an object from a curated E78 Collection. If the E80 Part Removal results in the total decomposition of the original object into pieces, such that the whole ceases to exist, the activity should instead be modelled as an E81 Transformation, i.e. a simultaneous destruction and production. In cases where the part removed has no discernible identity prior to its removal but does have an identity subsequent to its removal, the activity should be regarded as both E80 Part Removal and E12 Production. This class of activities forms a basis for reasoning about the history, and continuity of identity over time, of objects that are removed from other objects, such as precious gemstones being extracted from different items of jewelry, or cultural artifacts being deaccessioned from different museum collections over their lifespan.

has super-classes
Modificationc
is in domain of
diminishedop, removedop
is in range of
was diminished byop, was removed byop

Periodc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E4_Period

This class comprises sets of coherent phenomena or cultural manifestations occurring in time and space.

It is the social or physical coherence of these phenomena that identify an E4 Period and not the associated spatiotemporal extent. This extent is only the "ground" or space in an abstract physical sense that the actual process of growth, spread and retreat has covered. Consequently, different periods can overlap and coexist in time and space, such as when a nomadic culture exists in the same area and time as a sedentary culture. This also means that overlapping land use rights, common among first nations, amounts to overlapping periods.

Often, this class is used to describe prehistoric or historic periods such as the "Neolithic Period", the "Ming Dynasty" or the "McCarthy Era", but also geopolitical units and activities of settlements are regarded as special cases of E4 Period. However, there are no assumptions about the scale of the associated phenomena. In particular all events are seen as synthetic processes consisting of coherent phenomena. Therefore E4 Period is a superclass of E5 Event. For example, a modern clinical E67 Birth can be seen as both an atomic E5 Event and as an E4 Period that consists of multiple activities performed by multiple instances of E39 Actor.

As the actual extent of an E4 Period in spacetime we regard the trajectories of the participating physical things during their participation in an instance of E4 Period. This includes the open spaces via which these things have interacted and the spaces by which they had the potential to interact during that period or event in the way defined by the type of the respective period or event. Examples include the air in a meeting room transferring the voices of the participants. Since these phenomena are fuzzy, we assume the spatiotemporal extent to be contiguous, except for cases of phenomena spreading out over islands or other separated areas, including geopolitical units distributed over disconnected areas such as islands or colonies.

Whether the trajectories necessary for participants to travel between these areas are regarded as part of the spatiotemporal extent or not has to be decided in each case based on a concrete analysis, taking use of the sea for other purposes than travel, such as fishing, into consideration. One may also argue that the activities to govern disconnected areas imply travelling through spaces connecting them and that these areas hence are spatially connected in a way, but it appears counterintuitive to consider for instance travel routes in international waters as extensions of geopolitical units.

Consequently, an instance of E4 Period may occupy a number of disjoint spacetime volumes, however there must not be a discontinuity in the timespan covered by these spacetime volumes. This means that an instance of E4 Period must be contiguous in time. If it has ended in all areas, it has ended as a whole. However it may end in one area before another, such as in the Polynesian migration, and it continues as long as it is ongoing in at least one area.

We model E4 Period as a subclass of E2 Temporal Entity and of E92 Spacetime volume. The latter is intended as a phenomenal spacetime volume as defined in CRMgeo (Doerr and Hiebel 2013). By virtue of this multiple inheritance we can discuss the physical extent of an E4 Period without representing each instance of it together with an instance of its associated spacetime volume. This model combines two quite different kinds of substance: an instance of E4 Period is a phenomena while a space-time volume is an aggregation of points in spacetime. However, the real spatiotemporal extent of an instance of E4 Period is regarded to be unique to it due to all its details and fuzziness; its identity and existence depends uniquely on the identity of the instance of E4 Period. Therefore this multiple inheritance is unambiguous and effective and furthermore corresponds to the intuitions of natural language.

There are two different conceptualisations of 'artistic style', defined either by physical features or by historical context. For example, “Impressionism” can be viewed as a period lasting from approximately 1870 to 1905 during which paintings with particular characteristics were produced by a group of artists that included (among others) Monet, Renoir, Pissarro, Sisley and Degas. Alternatively, it can be regarded as a style applicable to all paintings sharing the characteristics of the works produced by the Impressionist painters, regardless of historical context. The first interpretation is an instance of E4 Period, and the second defines morphological object types that fall under E55 Type.

Another specific case of an E4 Period is the set of activities and phenomena associated with a settlement, such as the populated period of Nineveh.

has super-classes
Temporal Entityc
Spacetime Volumec
has sub-classes
Eventc
is in domain of
consists ofop, forms part ofop, took place atop, took place on or withinop
is in range of
consists ofop, forms part ofop, witnessedop, witnessedop

Persistent Itemc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E77_Persistent_Item

This class comprises items that have a persistent identity, sometimes known as “endurants” in philosophy. They can be repeatedly recognized within the duration of their existence by identity criteria rather than by continuity or observation. Persistent Items can be either physical entities, such as people, animals or things, or conceptual entities such as ideas, concepts, products of the imagination or common names. The criteria that determine the identity of an item are often difficult to establish -; the decision depends largely on the judgement of the observer. For example, a building is regarded as no longer existing if it is dismantled and the materials reused in a different configuration. On the other hand, human beings go through radical and profound changes during their life-span, affecting both material composition and form, yet preserve their identity by other criteria. Similarly, inanimate objects may be subject to exchange of parts and matter. The class E77 Persistent Item does not take any position about the nature of the applicable identity criteria and if actual knowledge about identity of an instance of this class exists. There may be cases, where the identity of an E77 Persistent Item is not decidable by a certain state of knowledge. The main classes of objects that fall outside the scope the E77 Persistent Item class are temporal objects such as periods, events and acts, and descriptive properties.

has super-classes
CRM Entityc
has sub-classes
Actorc, Thingc
is in domain of
resulted fromop, was brought into existence byop, was present atop, was taken out of existence byop, was transformed byop
is in range of
brought into existenceop, occurred in the presence ofop, resulted inop, took out of existenceop, transformedop

Personc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E21_Person

This class comprises real persons who live or are assumed to have lived. Legendary figures that may have existed, such as Ulysses and King Arthur, fall into this class if the documentation refers to them as historical figures. In cases where doubt exists as to whether several persons are in fact identical, multiple instances can be created and linked to indicate their relationship. The CRM does not propose a specific form to support reasoning about possible identity.

has super-classes
Biological Objectc
Actorc
is in domain of
died inop, gave birthop, has parentop, is parent ofop, was bornop, was father forop
is in range of
brought into lifeop, by motherop, from fatherop, has parentop, is parent ofop, was death ofop

Physical Featurec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E26_Physical_Feature

This class comprises identifiable features that are physically attached in an integral way to particular physical objects. Instances of E26 Physical Feature share many of the attributes of instances of E19 Physical Object. They may have a one-, two- or three-dimensional geometric extent, but there are no natural borders that separate them completely in an objective way from the carrier objects. For example, a doorway is a feature but the door itself, being attached by hinges, is not. Instances of E26 Physical Feature can be features in a narrower sense, such as scratches, holes, reliefs, surface colours, reflection zones in an opal crystal or a density change in a piece of wood. In the wider sense, they are portions of particular objects with partially imaginary borders, such as the core of the Earth, an area of property on the surface of the Earth, a landscape or the head of a contiguous marble statue. They can be measured and dated, and it is sometimes possible to state who or what is or was responsible for them. They cannot be separated from the carrier object, but a segment of the carrier object may be identified (or sometimes removed) carrying the complete feature. This definition coincides with the definition of "fiat objects" (Smith & Varzi, 2000, pp.401-420), with the exception of aggregates of “bona fide objects”.

has super-classes
Physical Thingc
has sub-classes
Man-Made Featurec, Sitec
is in domain of
is found onop
is in range of
bears featureop

Physical Man-Made Thingc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E24_Physical_Man-Made_Thing

This class comprises all persistent physical items that are purposely created by human activity. This class comprises man-made objects, such as a swords, and man-made features, such as rock art. No assumptions are made as to the extent of modification required to justify regarding an object as man-made. For example, a “cup and ring” carving on bedrock is regarded as instance of E24 Physical Man-Made Thing.

has super-classes
Physical Thingc
Man-Made Thingc
has sub-classes
Collectionc, Man-Made Featurec, Man-Made Objectc, epigraphc, epigraph fieldc, epigraph supportc, epigraph surfacec
is in domain of
depictsop, shows visual itemop, was augmented byop, was diminished byop, was modified byop, was produced byop
is in range of
augmentedop, diminishedop, has modifiedop, has producedop, is depicted byop, is shown byop

Physical Objectc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E19_Physical_Object

This class comprises items of a material nature that are units for documentation and have physical boundaries that separate them completely in an objective way from other objects. The class also includes all aggregates of objects made for functional purposes of whatever kind, independent of physical coherence, such as a set of chessmen. Typically, instances of E19 Physical Object can be moved (if not too heavy). In some contexts, such objects, except for aggregates, are also called “bona fide objects” (Smith & Varzi, 2000, pp.401-420), i.e. naturally defined objects. The decision as to what is documented as a complete item, rather than by its parts or components, may be a purely administrative decision or may be a result of the order in which the item was acquired.

has super-classes
Physical Thingc
has sub-classes
Biological Objectc, Man-Made Objectc
is in domain of
bears featureop, has current locationop, has current permanent locationop, has number of partsdp, moved byop
is in range of
currently holdsop, is current permanent location ofop, is found onop, movedop

Physical Thingc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E18_Physical_Thing

This class comprises all persistent physical items with a relatively stable form, man-made or natural.

Depending on the existence of natural boundaries of such things, the CRM distinguishes the instances of E19 Physical Object from instances of E26 Physical Feature, such as holes, rivers, pieces of land etc. Most instances of E19 Physical Object can be moved (if not too heavy), whereas features are integral to the surrounding matter.

An instance of E18 Physical Thing occupies not only a particular geometric space, but in the course of its existence it also forms a trajectory through spacetime, which occupies a real, that is phenomenal, volume in spacetime. We include in the occupied space the space filled by the matter of the physical thing and all its inner spaces, such as the interior of a box. Physical things consisting of aggregations of physically unconnected objects, such as a set of chessmen, occupy a number of individually contiguous spacetime volumes equal to the number of unconnected objects that constitute the set.

We model E18 Physical Thing to be a subclass of E72 Legal Object and of E92 Spacetime volume. The latter is intended as a phenomenal spacetime volume as defined in CRMgeo (Doerr and Hiebel 2013). By virtue of this multiple inheritance we can discuss the physical extent of an E18 Physical Thing without representing each instance of it together with an instance of its associated spacetime volume. This model combines two quite different kinds of substance: an instance of E18 Physical Thing is matter while a spacetime volume is an aggregation of points in spacetime. However, the real spatiotemporal extent of an instance of E18 Physical Thing is regarded to be unique to it, due to all its details and fuzziness; its identity and existence depends uniquely on the identity of the instance of E18 Physical Thing. Therefore this multiple inheritance is unambiguous and effective and furthermore corresponds to the intuitions of natural language.

The CIDOC CRM is generally not concerned with amounts of matter in fluid or gaseous states.

has super-classes
Legal Objectc
Spacetime Volumec
has sub-classes
Physical Featurec, Physical Man-Made Thingc, Physical Objectc
is in domain of
carriesop, changed ownership throughop, consists ofop, custody transferred throughop, forms part ofop, has conditionop, has current keeperop, has current ownerop, has former or current keeperop, has former or current locationop, has former or current ownerop, has sectionop, has section definitionop, is composed ofop, occupiesop, provides reference space forop, was added byop, was assessed byop, was destroyed byop, was removed byop, witnessedop
is in range of
addedop, concernedop, defines sectionop, destroyedop, forms part ofop, is at rest relative toop, is carried byop, is composed ofop, is condition ofop, is current keeper ofop, is current owner ofop, is former or current keeper ofop, is former or current location ofop, is former or current owner ofop, is incorporated inop, is located on or withinop, is occupied byop, removedop, took place on or withinop, transferred custody ofop, transferred title ofop

Placec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E53_Place

This class comprises extents in space, in particular on the surface of the earth, in the pure sense of physics: independent from temporal phenomena and matter. The instances of E53 Place are usually determined by reference to the position of “immobile” objects such as buildings, cities, mountains, rivers, or dedicated geodetic marks. A Place can be determined by combining a frame of reference and a location with respect to this frame. It may be identified by one or more instances of E44 Place Appellation. It is sometimes argued that instances of E53 Place are best identified by global coordinates or absolute reference systems. However, relative references are often more relevant in the context of cultural documentation and tend to be more precise. In particular, we are often interested in position in relation to large, mobile objects, such as ships. For example, the Place at which Nelson died is known with reference to a large mobile object – H.M.S Victory. A resolution of this Place in terms of absolute coordinates would require knowledge of the movements of the vessel and the precise time of death, either of which may be revised, and the result would lack historical and cultural relevance. Any object can serve as a frame of reference for E53 Place determination. The model foresees the notion of a "section" of an E19 Physical Object as a valid E53 Place determination.

has super-classes
CRM Entityc
has sub-classes
collocationc
is in domain of
borders withop, containsop, currently holdsop, falls withinop, is at rest relative toop, is current or former residence ofop, is current permanent location ofop, is former or current location ofop, is identified byop, is located on or withinop, is occupied byop, is spatial projection ofop, overlaps withop, place is defined by dp, was destination ofop, was origin ofop, was place ofop, witnessedop
is in range of
atop, borders withop, containsop, falls withinop, has current locationop, has current or former residenceop, has current permanent locationop, has discovery placeop, has former or current locationop, has sectionop, has spatial projectionop, identifiesop, moved fromop, moved toop, occupiesop, overlaps withop, provides reference space forop, took place atop

Place Appellationc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E44_Place_Appellation

This class comprises any sort of identifier characteristically used to refer to an E53 Place. Instances of E44 Place Appellation may vary in their degree of precision and their meaning may vary over time - the same instance of E44 Place Appellation may be used to refer to several places, either because of cultural shifts, or because objects used as reference points have moved around. Instances of E44 Place Appellation can be extremely varied in form: postal addresses, instances of E47 Spatial Coordinate, and parts of buildings can all be considered as instances of E44 Place Appellation.

has super-classes
Appellationc
has sub-classes
Addressc, Place Namec, Section Definitionc, Spatial Coordinatesc
is in domain of
identifiesop
is in range of
is identified byop

Place Namec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E48_Place_Name

This class comprises particular and common forms of E44 Place Appellation. Place Names may change their application over time: the name of an E53 Place may change, and a name may be reused for a different E53 Place. Instances of E48 Place Name are typically subject to place name gazetteers.

has super-classes
Place Appellationc

Presencec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E93_Presence

This class comprises instances of E92 Spacetime Volume that result from intersection of instances of E92 Spacetime Volume with an instance of E52 Time-Span. The identity of an instance of this class is determined by the identities of the constituing spacetime volume and the time-span.

This class can be used to define temporal snapshots at a particular time-span, such as the extent of the Roman Empire at 33 B.C., or the extent occupied by a museum object at rest in an exhibit. In particular, it can be used to define the spatial projection of a spacetime volume during a particular time-span, such as the maximal spatial extent of a flood at some particular hour, or all areas covered by the Poland within the 20th century AD.

has super-classes
Spacetime Volumec
is in domain of
atop, duringop, was a presence ofop
is in range of
had presenceop, was place ofop, was time-span ofop

Productionc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E12_Production

This class comprises activities that are designed to, and succeed in, creating one or more new items. It specializes the notion of modification into production. The decision as to whether or not an object is regarded as new is context sensitive. Normally, items are considered “new” if there is no obvious overall similarity between them and the consumed items and material used in their production. In other cases, an item is considered “new” because it becomes relevant to documentation by a modification. For example, the scribbling of a name on a potsherd may make it a voting token. The original potsherd may not be worth documenting, in contrast to the inscribed one. This entity can be collective: the printing of a thousand books, for example, would normally be considered a single event. An event should also be documented using E81 Transformation if it results in the destruction of one or more objects and the simultaneous production of others using parts or material from the originals. In this case, the new items have separate identities and matter is preserved, but identity is not.

has super-classes
Modificationc
Beginning of Existencec
has sub-classes
epigraph execution activityc
is in domain of
has producedop
is in range of
was produced byop

Propositional Objectc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E89_Propositional_Object

This class comprises immaterial items, including but not limited to stories, plots, procedural prescriptions, algorithms, laws of physics or images that are, or represent in some sense, sets of propositions about real or imaginary things and that are documented as single units or serve as topics of discourse.

This class also comprises items that are “about” something in the sense of a subject. In the wider sense, this class includes expressions of psychological value such as non-figural art and musical themes. However, conceptual items such as types and classes are not instances of E89 Propositional Object. This should not be confused with the definition of a type, which is indeed an instance of E89 Propositional Object.

has super-classes
Conceptual Objectc
has sub-classes
Information Objectc, Rightc
is in domain of
has componentop, is aboutop, is component ofop, refers toop
is in range of
has componentop, is component ofop, is referred to byop, is subject ofop

religionc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#Religion

has super-classes
Typec

reported textc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#ReportedText

has super-classes
Symbolic Objectc

Rightc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E30_Right

This class comprises legal privileges concerning material and immaterial things or their derivatives. These include reproduction and property rights

has super-classes
Propositional Objectc
is in domain of
applies toop, is possessed byop
is in range of
is subject toop, possessesop

Section Definitionc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E46_Section_Definition

This class comprises areas of objects referred to in terms specific to the general geometry or structure of its kind. The 'prow' of the boat, the 'frame' of the picture, the 'front' of the building are all instances of E46 Section Definition. The class highlights the fact that parts of objects can be treated as locations. This holds in particular for features without natural boundaries, such as the “head” of a marble statue made out of one block (cf. E53 Place). In answer to the question 'where is the signature?' one might reply 'on the lower left corner'. (Section Definition is closely related to the term “segment” in Gerstl, P.& Pribbenow, S, 1996 “ A conceptual theory of part – whole relations and its applications”, Data & Knowledge Engineering 20 305-322, North Holland- Elsevier ).

has super-classes
Place Appellationc
is in domain of
defines sectionop
is in range of
has section definitionop

Sitec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E27_Site

This class comprises pieces of land or sea floor. In contrast to the purely geometric notion of E53 Place, this class describes constellations of matter on the surface of the Earth or other celestial body, which can be represented by photographs, paintings and maps. Instances of E27 Site are composed of relatively immobile material items and features in a particular configuration at a particular location

has super-classes
Physical Featurec

Spacetime Volumec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E92_Spacetime_Volume

This class comprises 4 dimensional point sets (volumes) in physical spacetime regardless its true geometric form. They may derive their identity from being the extent of a material phenomenon or from being the interpretation of an expression defining an extent in spacetime. Intersections of instances of E92 Spacetime Volume, Place and Timespan are also regarded as instances of E92 Spacetime Volume. An instance of E92 Spacetime Volume is either contiguous or composed of a finite number of contiguous subsets. Its boundaries may be fuzzy due to the properties of the phenomena it derives from or due to the limited precision up to which defining expression can be identified with a real extent in spacetime. The duration of existence of an instance of a spacetime volume is trivially its projection on time.

has super-classes
CRM Entityc
has sub-classes
Periodc, Physical Thingc, Presencec
is in domain of
containsop, falls withinop, had presenceop, has spatial projectionop, has temporal projectionop, is separated fromop, overlaps withop
is in range of
containsop, falls withinop, is separated fromop, is spatial projection ofop, is temporal projection ofop, overlaps withop, was a presence ofop

Spatial Coordinatesc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E47_Spatial_Coordinates

This class comprises the textual or numeric information required to locate specific instances of E53 Place within schemes of spatial identification.

Coordinates are a specific form of E44 Place Appellation, that is, a means of referring to a particular E53 Place. Coordinates are not restricted to longitude, latitude and altitude. Any regular system of reference that maps onto an E19 Physical Object can be used to generate coordinates.

has super-classes
Place Appellationc

start datec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#Start_Date

has super-classes
datec
is in range of
has start dateop

Symbolic Objectc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E90_Symbolic_Object

This class comprises identifiable symbols and any aggregation of symbols, such as characters, identifiers, traffic signs, emblems, texts, data sets, images, musical scores, multimedia objects, computer program code or mathematical formulae that have an objectively recognizable structure and that are documented as single units. It includes sets of signs of any nature, which may serve to designate something, or to communicate some propositional content. An instance of E90 Symbolic Object does not depend on a specific physical carrier, which can include human memory, and it can exist on one or more carriers simultaneously. An instance of E90 Symbolic Object may or may not have a specific meaning, for example an arbitrary character string. In some cases, the content of an instance of E90 Symbolic Object may completely be represented by a serialized content model, such.. as the property P3 has note allows for describing this content model…P3.1 has type: E55 Type to specify the encoding..

has super-classes
Conceptual Objectc
Legal Objectc
has sub-classes
Appellationc, Information Objectc, inscription graphemec, inscription sectionc, reported textc, transcriptionc
is in domain of
forms part ofop, is carried byop, is composed ofop, is incorporated inop, was used inop
is in range of
carriesop, forms part ofop, incorporatesop, is composed ofop, used constituentop

Temporal Entityc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E2_Temporal_Entity

This class comprises all phenomena, such as the instances of E4 Periods, E5 Events and states, which happen over a limited extent in time. In some contexts, these are also called perdurants. This class is disjoint from E77 Persistent Item. This is an abstract class and has no direct instances. E2 Temporal Entity is specialized into E4 Period, which applies to a particular geographic area (defined with a greater or lesser degree of precision), and E3 Condition State, which applies to instances of E18 Physical Thing.

has super-classes
CRM Entityc
has sub-classes
Condition Statec, Periodc, chronologyc, datec
is in domain of
finishesop, has time-spanop, includesop, is equal in time toop, is finished byop, is met in time byop, is overlapped in time byop, is started byop, meets in time withop, occurs afterop, occurs beforeop, occurs duringop, overlaps in time withop, startsop
is in range of
finishesop, includesop, is equal in time toop, is finished byop, is met in time byop, is overlapped in time byop, is started byop, is time-span ofop, meets in time withop, occurs afterop, occurs beforeop, occurs duringop, overlaps in time withop, startsop

Thingc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E70_Thing

This general class comprises discrete, identifiable, instances of E77 Persistent Item that are documented as single units, that either consist of matter or depend on being carried by matter and are characterized by relative stability. They may be intellectual products or physical things. They may for instance have a solid physical form, an electronic encoding, or they may be a logical concept or structure.

has super-classes
Persistent Itemc
has sub-classes
Legal Objectc, Man-Made Thingc
is in domain of
features are also found onop, had as general useop, has dimensionop, shows features ofop, was used forop
is in range of
features are also found onop, is dimension ofop, shows features ofop, used specific objectop, was use ofop

Time Appellationc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E49_Time_Appellation

This class comprises all forms of names or codes, such as historical periods, and dates, which are characteristically used to refer to a specific E52 Time-Span. The instances of E49 Time Appellation may vary in their degree of precision, and they may be relative to other time frames, “Before Christ” for example. Instances of E52 Time-Span are often defined by reference to a cultural period or an event e.g. ‘the duration of the Ming Dynasty’.

has super-classes
Appellationc
has sub-classes
Datec
is in domain of
identifiesop
is in range of
is identified byop

Time-Spanc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E52_Time-Span

This class comprises abstract temporal extents, in the sense of Galilean physics, having a beginning, an end and a duration. Time Span has no other semantic connotations. Time-Spans are used to define the temporal extent of instances of E4 Period, E5 Event and any other phenomena valid for a certain time. An E52 Time-Span may be identified by one or more instances of E49 Time Appellation. Since our knowledge of history is imperfect, instances of E52 Time-Span can best be considered as approximations of the actual Time-Spans of temporal entities. The properties of E52 Time-Span are intended to allow these approximations to be expressed precisely. An extreme case of approximation, might, for example, define an E52 Time-Span having unknown beginning, end and duration. Used as a common E52 Time-Span for two events, it would nevertheless define them as being simultaneous, even if nothing else was known. Automatic processing and querying of instances of E52 Time-Span is facilitated if data can be parsed into an E61 Time Primitive.

has super-classes
CRM Entityc
has sub-classes
historical periodc
is in domain of
at some time withindp, begin of the begindp, begin of the enddp, beginning is qualified bydp, containsop, end is qualified bydp, end of the begindp, end of the enddp, falls withinop, had at least durationop, had at most durationop, is identified byop, is temporal projection ofop, is time-span ofop, ongoing throughoutdp, was time-span ofop
is in range of
containsop, duringop, falls withinop, has temporal projectionop, has time-spanop, identifiesop, was maximum duration ofop, was minimum duration ofop

Titlec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E35_Title

This class comprises the names assigned to works, such as texts, artworks or pieces of music. Titles are proper noun phrases or verbal phrases, and should not be confused with generic object names such as “chair”, “painting” or “book” (the latter are common nouns that stand for instances of E55 Type). Titles may be assigned by the creator of the work itself, or by a social group. This class also comprises the translations of titles that are used as surrogates for the original titles in different social contexts.

has super-classes
Linguistic Objectc
Appellationc
is in domain of
is title ofop
is in range of
has titleop

transcriptionc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#Transcription

has super-classes
Symbolic Objectc

Transfer of Custodyc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E10_Transfer_of_Custody

This class comprises transfers of physical custody of objects between instances of E39 Actor. The recording of the donor and/or recipient is optional. It is possible that in an instance of E10 Transfer of Custody there is either no donor or no recipient. Depending on the circumstances it may describe:

  1. the beginning of custody
  2. the end of custody
  3. the transfer of custody
  4. the receipt of custody from an unknown source
  5. the declared loss of an object The distinction between the legal responsibility for custody and the actual physical possession of the object should be expressed using the property P2 has type (is type of). A specific case of transfer of custody is theft. The interpretation of the museum notion of "accession" differs between institutions. The CRM therefore models legal ownership and physical custody separately. Institutions will then model their specific notions of accession and deaccession as combinations of these.
has super-classes
Activityc
is in domain of
custody received byop, custody surrendered byop, transferred custody ofop
is in range of
custody transferred throughop, received custody throughop, surrendered custody throughop

Transformationc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E81_Transformation

This class comprises the events that result in the simultaneous destruction of one or more than one E77 Persistent Item and the creation of one or more than one E77 Persistent Item that preserves recognizable substance from the first one(s) but has fundamentally different nature and identity. Although the old and the new instances of E77 Persistent Item are treated as discrete entities having separate, unique identities, they are causally connected through the E81 Transformation; the destruction of the old E77 Persistent Item(s) directly causes the creation of the new one(s) using or preserving some relevant substance. Instances of E81 Transformation are therefore distinct from re-classifications (documented using E17 Type Assignment) or modifications (documented using E11 Modification) of objects that do not fundamentally change their nature or identity. Characteristic cases are reconstructions and repurposing of historical buildings or ruins, fires leaving buildings in ruins, taxidermy of specimen in natural history and the reorganization of a corporate body into a new one.

has super-classes
Beginning of Existencec
End of Existencec
is in domain of
resulted inop, transformedop
is in range of
resulted fromop, was transformed byop

Typec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E55_Type

This class comprises concepts denoted by terms from thesauri and controlled vocabularies used to characterize and classify instances of CRM classes. Instances of E55 Type represent concepts in contrast to instances of E41 Appellation which are used to name instances of CRM classes. E55 Type is the CRM’s interface to domain specific ontologies and thesauri. These can be represented in the CRM as subclasses of E55 Type, forming hierarchies of terms, i.e. instances of E55 Type linked via P127 has broader term (has narrower term). Such hierarchies may be extended with additional properties.

has super-classes
Conceptual Objectc
has sub-classes
Languagec, Materialc, Measurement Unitc, epigraph writing stylec, execution typec, obj typec, religionc, type insc
is in domain of
defines typical parts ofop, defines typical wholes forop, has broader termop, has narrower termop, is exemplified byop, is type ofop, was assigned byop, was created byop, was intention ofop, was purpose ofop, was technique ofop, was type of object used inop, was use ofop
is in range of
assignedop, created typeop, defines typical parts ofop, defines typical wholes forop, exemplifiesop, had as general useop, had general purposeop, has broader termop, has narrower termop, has typeop, used general techniqueop, used object of typeop, was intended forop

Type Assignmentc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E17_Type_Assignment

This class comprises the actions of classifying items of whatever kind. Such items include objects, specimens, people, actions and concepts. This class allows for the documentation of the context of classification acts in cases where the value of the classification depends on the personal opinion of the classifier, and the date that the classification was made. This class also encompasses the notion of "determination," i.e. the systematic and molecular identification of a specimen in biology.

has super-classes
Attribute Assignmentc
is in domain of
assignedop, classifiedop
is in range of
was assigned byop, was classified byop

Type Creationc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E83_Type_Creation

This class comprises activities formally defining new types of items. It is typically a rigorous scholarly or scientific process that ensures a type is exhaustively described and appropriately named. In some cases, particularly in archaeology and the life sciences, E83 Type Creation requires the identification of an exemplary specimen and the publication of the type definition in an appropriate scholarly forum. The activity of E83 Type Creation is central to research in the life sciences, where a type would be referred to as a “taxon,” the type description as a “protologue,” and the exemplary specimens as “orgininal element” or “holotype”.

has super-classes
Creationc
is in domain of
created typeop, was based onop
is in range of
supported type creationop, was created byop

type insc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: https://www.eagle-network.eu/voc/typeins/lod#TypeIns

has super-classes
Typec
has members
1ni, 10ni, 100ni, 101ni, 102ni, 103ni, 104ni, 105ni, 106ni, 107ni, 108ni, 109ni, 11ni, 110ni, 111ni, 112ni, 113ni, 114ni, 115ni, 116ni, 117ni, 118ni, 119ni, 12ni, 120ni, 121ni, 122ni, 123ni, 124ni, 125ni, 126ni, 127ni, 128ni, 129ni, 13ni, 130ni, 131ni, 132ni, 133ni, 134ni, 135ni, 136ni, 137ni, 138ni, 139ni, 14ni, 140ni, 141ni, 143ni, 144ni, 145ni, 15ni, 154ni, 155ni, 16ni, 163ni, 17ni, 18ni, 188ni, 19ni, 2ni, 20ni, 208ni, 21ni, 213ni, 214ni, 22ni, 23ni, 231ni, 232ni, 233ni, 24ni, 240ni, 243ni, 25ni, 26ni, 261ni, 263ni, 264ni, 265ni, 266ni, 267ni, 268ni, 27ni, 272ni, 273ni, 28ni, 283ni, 284ni, 289ni, 29ni, 290ni, 293ni, 3ni, 30ni, 305ni, 306ni, 307ni, 31ni, 310ni, 311ni, 313ni, 314ni, 32ni, 33ni, 331ni, 333ni, 34ni, 35ni, 354ni, 356ni, 357ni, 358ni, 359ni, 36ni, 360ni, 361ni, 365ni, 366ni, 368ni, 369ni, 37ni, 370ni, 371ni, 372ni, 373ni, 374ni, 375ni, 376ni, 377ni, 378ni, 379ni, 38ni, 380ni, 381ni, 382ni, 383ni, 384ni, 385ni, 386ni, 387ni, 388ni, 389ni, 39ni, 390ni, 391ni, 392ni, 393ni, 394ni, 395ni, 397ni, 398ni, 399ni, 4ni, 40ni, 400ni, 401ni, 402ni, 404ni, 405ni, 406ni, 407ni, 408ni, 409ni, 41ni, 410ni, 411ni, 412ni, 413ni, 414ni, 415ni, 416ni, 417ni, 418ni, 419ni, 42ni, 420ni, 421ni, 422ni, 423ni, 424ni, 425ni, 426ni, 427ni, 428ni, 429ni, 43ni, 430ni, 431ni, 432ni, 433ni, 434ni, 44ni, 45ni, 46ni, 47ni, 48ni, 49ni, 5ni, 50ni, 51ni, 52ni, 53ni, 54ni, 55ni, 56ni, 57ni, 58ni, 59ni, 6ni, 61ni, 62ni, 63ni, 64ni, 65ni, 66ni, 67ni, 68ni, 69ni, 7ni, 70ni, 71ni, 72ni, 73ni, 74ni, 75ni, 76ni, 77ni, 78ni, 79ni, 8ni, 80ni, 81ni, 82ni, 83ni, 84ni, 85ni, 86ni, 88ni, 89ni, 9ni, 90ni, 91ni, 92ni, 93ni, 95ni, 96ni, 97ni, 98ni, 99ni, acclamationi

Visual Itemc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E36_Visual_Item

This class comprises the intellectual or conceptual aspects of recognisable marks and images. This class does not intend to describe the idiosyncratic characteristics of an individual physical embodiment of a visual item, but the underlying prototype. For example, a mark such as the ICOM logo is generally considered to be the same logo when used on any number of publications. The size, orientation and colour may change, but the logo remains uniquely identifiable. The same is true of images that are reproduced many times. This means that visual items are independent of their physical support. The class E36 Visual Item provides a means of identifying and linking together instances of E24 Physical Man-Made Thing that carry the same visual symbols, marks or images etc. The property P62 depicts (is depicted by) between E24 Physical Man-Made Thing and depicted subjects (E1 CRM Entity) can be regarded as a short-cut of the more fully developed path from E24 Physical Man-Made Thing through P65 shows visual item (is shown by), E36 Visual Item, P138 represents (has representation) to E1CRM Entity, which in addition captures the optical features of the depiction.

has super-classes
Information Objectc
has sub-classes
Imagec, Markc
is in domain of
is shown byop, representsop
is in range of
has representationop, shows visual itemop

writingc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: https://www.eagle-network.eu/voc/writing/lod#Writing

has super-classes
execution typec
has members
1ni, 10ni, 11ni, 113ni, 114ni, 115ni, 12ni, 125ni, 13ni, 132ni, 14ni, 145ni, 15ni, 152ni, 153ni, 16ni, 161ni, 163ni, 164ni, 165ni, 166ni, 167ni, 168ni, 169ni, 17ni, 170ni, 171ni, 172ni, 173ni, 174ni, 175ni, 176ni, 177ni, 178ni, 179ni, 18ni, 180ni, 181ni, 182ni, 183ni, 184ni, 185ni, 186ni, 19ni, 2ni, 20ni, 21ni, 23ni, 3ni, 34ni, 36ni, 38ni, 4ni, 41ni, 44ni, 5ni, 6ni, 69ni, 7ni, 77ni, 78ni, 8ni, 88ni, 89ni, 9ni, 96ni, 97ni

Object Properties

acquired title throughop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P22i_acquired_title_through

has super-properties
performedop
has domain
Actorc
has range
Acquisitionc

addedop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P111_added

This property identifies the E18 Physical Thing that is added during an E79 Part Addition activity

applies toop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P104i_applies_to

has domain
Rightc
has range
Legal Objectc

assignedop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P141_assigned

This property indicates the attribute that was assigned or the item that was related to the item denoted by a property P140 assigned attribute to in an Attribute assignment action.

assignedop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P37_assigned

This property records the identifier that was assigned to an item in an Identifier Assignment activity. The same identifier may be assigned on more than one occasion. An Identifier might be created prior to an assignment.

has super-properties
assignedop
has domain
Identifier Assignmentc
has range
Identifierc

assignedop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P42_assigned

This property records the type that was assigned to an entity by an E17 Type Assignment activity. Type assignment events allow a more detailed path from E1 CRM Entity through P41 classified (was classified by), E17 Type Assignment, P42 assigned (was assigned by) to E55 Type for assigning types to objects compared to the shortcut offered by P2 has type (is type of). For example, a fragment of an antique vessel could be assigned the type “attic red figured belly handled amphora” by expert A. The same fragment could be assigned the type “shoulder handled amphora” by expert B. A Type may be intellectually constructed independent from assigning an instance of it.

has super-properties
assignedop
has domain
Type Assignmentc
has range
Typec

assigned attribute toop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P140_assigned_attribute_to

This property indicates the item to which an attribute or relation is assigned.

has sub-properties
classifiedop, concernedop, measuredop
has domain
Attribute Assignmentc
has range
CRM Entityc

atop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P167_at

This property points to a wider area in which my thing /event was…

has domain
Presencec
has range
Placec

augmentedop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P110_augmented

This property identifies the E24 Physical Man-Made Thing that is added to (augmented) in an E79 Part Addition. Although a Part Addition event normally concerns only one item of Physical Man-Made Thing, it is possible to imagine circumstances under which more than one item might be added to (augmented). For example, the artist Jackson Pollock trailing paint onto multiple canvasses.

has super-properties
has modifiedop
has domain
Part Additionc
has range
Physical Man-Made Thingc

bears featureop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P56_bears_feature

This property links an instance of E19 Physical Object to an instance of E26 Physical Feature that it bears. An E26 Physical Feature can only exist on one object. One object may bear more than one E26 Physical Feature. An E27 Site should be considered as an E26 Physical Feature on the surface of the Earth. An instance B of E26 Physical Feature being a detail of the structure of another instance A of E26 Physical Feature can be linked to B by use of the property P46 is composed of (forms part of). This implies that the subfeature B is P56i found on the same E19 Physical Object as A. P56 bears feature (is found on) is a shortcut. A more detailed representation can make use of the fully developed (i.e. indirect) path from E19 Physical Object through P59 has section (is located on or Definition of the CIDOC Conceptual Reference Model 149 within), E53 Place, P53 has former or current location (is former or current location of) to E26 Physical Feature.

has super-properties
is composed ofop
has domain
Physical Objectc
has range
Physical Featurec

borders withop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P122_borders_with

This symmetric property allows the instances of E53 Place which share common borders to be related as such. This property is purely spatial, in contrast to Allen operators, which are purely temporal.

has domain
Placec
has range
Placec

brought into existenceop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P92_brought_into_existence

This property allows an E63 Beginning of Existence event to be linked to the E77 Persistent Item brought into existence by it. It allows a “start” to be attached to any Persistent Item being documented i.e. E70 Thing, E72 Legal Object, E39 Actor, E41 Appellation, E51 Contact Point and E55 Type

brought into lifeop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P98_brought_into_life

This property links an E67Birth event to an E21 Person in the role of offspring. Twins, triplets etc. are brought into life by the same Birth event. This is not intended for use with general Natural History material, only people. There is no explicit method for modelling conception and gestation except by using extensions.

has super-properties
brought into existenceop
has domain
Birthc
has range
Personc

brought to lightop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#brought_to_light

has super-properties
occurred in the presence ofop
has domain
discovery eventc

by motherop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P96_by_mother

This property links an E67 Birth event to an E21 Person as a participant in the role of birth-giving mother.

Note that biological fathers are not necessarily participants in the Birth (see P97 from father (was father for)). The Person being born is linked to the Birth with the property P98 brought into life (was born). This is not intended for use with general natural history material, only people. There is no explicit method for modelling conception and gestation except by using extensions. This is a sub-property of P11 had participant (participated in).

has super-properties
had participantop
has domain
Birthc
has range
Personc

carried out byop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P14_carried_out_by

This property describes the active participation of an E39 Actor in an E7 Activity. It implies causal or legal responsibility. The P14.1 in the role of property of the property allows the nature of an Actor’s participation to be specified.

has super-properties
had participantop
has sub-properties
custody received byop, custody surrendered byop, transferred title fromop, transferred title toop
has domain
Activityc
has range
Actorc

carriesop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P128_carries

This property identifies an E90 Symbolic Object carried by an instance of E18 Physical Thing.

has super-properties
shows features ofop
has sub-properties
has inscriptionop, shows visual itemop
has domain
Physical Thingc
has range
Symbolic Objectc

changed ownership throughop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P24i_changed_ownership_through

has domain
Physical Thingc
has range
Acquisitionc

classifiedop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P41_classified

This property records the item to which a type was assigned in an E17 Type Assignment activity. Any instance of a CRM entity may be assigned a type through type assignment. Type assignment events allow a more detailed path from E1 CRM Entity through P41 classified (was classified), E17 Type Assignment, P42 assigned (was assigned by) to E55 Type for assigning types to objects compared to the shortcut offered by P2 has type (is type of).

has super-properties
assigned attribute toop
has domain
Type Assignmentc
has range
CRM Entityc

concernedop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P34_concerned

This property identifies the E18 Physical Thing that was assessed during an E14 Condition Assessment activity. Conditions may be assessed either by direct observation or using recorded evidence. In the latter case the E18 Physical Thing does not need to be present or extant.

has super-properties
assigned attribute toop
has domain
Condition Assessmentc
has range
Physical Thingc

consists ofop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P45_consists_of

This property identifies the instances of E57 Materials of which an instance of E18 Physical Thing is composed. All physical things consist of physical materials. P45 consists of (is incorporated in) allows the different Materials to be recorded. P45 consists of (is incorporated in) refers here to observed Material as opposed to the consumed raw material. A Material, such as a theoretical alloy, may not have any physical instances

has sub-properties
has materialop
has domain
Physical Thingc
has range
Materialc

consists ofop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P5_consists_of

This property describes the decomposition of an E3 Condition State into discrete, subsidiary states. It is assumed that the sub-states into which the condition state is analysed form a logical whole - although the entire story may not be completely known – and that the sub-states are in fact constitutive of the general condition state. For example, a general condition state of “in ruins” may be decomposed into the individual stages of decay

has domain
Condition Statec
has range
Condition Statec

consists ofop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P9_consists_of

This property associates an instance of E4 Period with another instance of E4 Period that is defined by a subset of the phenomena that define the former. Therefore the spacetime volume of the latter must fall within the spacetime volume of the former.

has super-properties
containsop
has domain
Periodc
has range
Periodc

containsop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P10i_contains

has sub-properties
consists ofop
has domain
Spacetime Volumec
has range
Spacetime Volumec

containsop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P86i_contains

has domain
Time-Spanc
has range
Time-Spanc

containsop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P89i_contains

has domain
Placec
has range
Placec

continuedop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P134_continued

This property associates two instances of E7 Activity, where the domain is considered as an intentional continuation of the range. A continuation of an activity may happen when the continued activity is still ongoing or after the continued activity has completely ended. The continuing activity may have started already before it decided to continue the other one. Continuation implies a coherence of intentions and outcomes of the involved activities.

has super-properties
was influenced byop
has domain
Activityc
has range
Activityc

created typeop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P135_created_type

This property identifies the E55 Type, which is created in an E83Type Creation activity.

has super-properties
has createdop
has domain
Type Creationc
has range
Typec

curatedop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P147_curated

This property associates an instance of E87 Curation Activity with the instance of E78 Collection that is subject of that curation activity.

has domain
Curation Activityc
has range
Collectionc

currently holdsop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P55i_currently_holds

has super-properties
is former or current location ofop
has domain
Placec
has range
Physical Objectc

custody received byop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P29_custody_received_by

This property identifies the E39 Actor or Actors who receive custody of an instance of E18 Physical Thing in an E10 Transfer of Custody activity. The property will typically describe Actors receiving custody of an object when it is handed over from another Actor’s care. On occasion, physical custody may be received involuntarily or illegally – through accident, unsolicited donation, or theft. In reality, custody is either transferred to someone or from someone, or both.

has super-properties
carried out byop
has domain
Transfer of Custodyc
has range
Actorc

custody surrendered byop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P28_custody_surrendered_by

This property identifies the E39 Actor or Actors who surrender custody of an instance of E18 Physical Thing in an E10 Transfer of Custody activity. The property will typically describe an Actor surrendering custody of an object when it is handed over to someone else’s care. On occasion, physical custody may be surrendered involuntarily – through accident, loss or theft. In reality, custody is either transferred to someone or from someone, or both.

has super-properties
carried out byop
has domain
Transfer of Custodyc
has range
Actorc

custody transferred throughop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P30i_custody_transferred_through

deassignedop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P38_deassigned

This property records the identifier that was deassigned from an instance of E1 CRM Entity. Deassignment of an identifier may be necessary when an item is taken out of an inventory, a new numbering system is introduced or items are merged or split up. The same identifier may be deassigned on more than one occasion.

has super-properties
assignedop
has domain
Identifier Assignmentc
has range
Identifierc

defines sectionop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P58i_defines_section

defines typical parts ofop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P150_defines_typical_parts_of

This property associates an instance of E55 Type “A” with an instance of E55 Type “B”, when items of type “A” typically form part of items of type “B”, such as “car motors” and “cars”. It allows types to be organised into hierarchies based on one type describing a typical part of another. This property is equivalent to "broader term partitive (BTP)" as defined in ISO 2788 and “broaderPartitive” in SKOS.

has domain
Typec
has range
Typec

defines typical wholes forop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P150i_defines_typical_wholes_for

has domain
Typec
has range
Typec

depictsop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P62_depicts

This property identifies something that is depicted by an instance of E24 Physical Man-Made Thing. Depicting is meant in the sense that the surface of the E24 Physical Man-Made Thing shows, through its passive optical qualities or form, a representation of the entity depicted. It does not pertain to inscriptions or any other information encoding.

This property is a shortcut of the more fully developed path from E24 Physical Man-Made Thing through P65 shows visual item (is shown by), E36 Visual Item, P138 represents (has representation) to E1 CRM Entity. P62.1 mode of depiction allows the nature of the depiction to be refined.

destroyedop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P13_destroyed

This property allows specific instances of E18 Physical Thing that have been destroyed to be related to a destruction event. Destruction implies the end of an item’s life as a subject of cultural documentation – the physical matter of which the item was composed may in fact continue to exist. A destruction event may be contiguous with a Production that brings into existence a derived object composed partly of matter from the destroyed object.

has super-properties
took out of existenceop
has domain
Destructionc
has range
Physical Thingc

died inop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P100i_died_in

has super-properties
was taken out of existence byop
has domain
Personc
has range
Deathc

diminishedop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P112_diminished

This property identifies the E24 Physical Man-Made Thing that was diminished by E80 Part Removal. Although a Part removal activity normally concerns only one item of Physical Man-Made Thing, it is possible to imagine circumstances under which more than one item might be diminished by a single Part Removal activity.

has super-properties
has modifiedop
has domain
Part Removalc
has range
Physical Man-Made Thingc

dissolvedop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P99_dissolved

This property links the disbanding or E68 Dissolution of an E74 Group to the Group itself.

has super-properties
had participantop
took out of existenceop
has domain
Dissolutionc
has range
Groupc

documentsop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P70_documents

This property describes the CRM Entities documented by instances of E31 Document. Documents may describe any conceivable entity, hence the link to the highest-level entity in the CRM hierarchy. This property is intended for cases where a reference is regarded as being of a documentary character, in the scholarly or scientific sense.

has super-properties
refers toop
has domain
Documentc
has range
CRM Entityc

duringop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P164_during

This property relates an instance of E93 Presence with an arbitrary instance of E52 Time-Span that defines the section of the spacetime volume that this instance of E93 Presence is related to by the property P166 was a presence of (had presence).

has super-properties
has temporal projectionop
has domain
Presencec
has range
Time-Spanc

employedop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P126_employed

This property identifies E57 Material employed in an E11 Modification. The E57 Material used during the E11 Modification does not necessarily become incorporated into the E24 Physical Man-Made Thing that forms the subject of the E11 Modification.

has domain
Modificationc
has range
Materialc

executed onop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#executed_on

has super-properties
has modifiedop

exemplifiesop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P137_exemplifies

This property allows an item to be declared as a particular example of an E55 Type or taxon The P137.1 in the taxonomic role property of P137 exemplifies (is exemplified by) allows differentiation of taxonomic roles. The taxonomic role renders the specific relationship of this example to the Type, such as "prototypical", "archetypical", "lectotype", etc. The taxonomic role "lectotype" is not associated with the Type Creation (E83) itself, but selected in a later phase.

has super-properties
has typeop
has domain
CRM Entityc
has range
Typec

falls withinop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P10_falls_within

This property associates an instance of E92 Spacetime Volume with another instance of E92 Spacetime Volume that falls within the latter. In other words, all points in the former are also points in the latter.

has sub-properties
forms part ofop
has domain
Spacetime Volumec
has range
Spacetime Volumec

falls withinop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P86_falls_within

This property describes the inclusion relationship between two instances of E52 Time-Span. This property supports the notion that a Time-Span’s temporal extent falls within the temporal extent of another Time-Span. It addresses temporal containment only, and no contextual link between the two instances of Time-Span is implied.

has domain
Time-Spanc
has range
Time-Spanc

falls withinop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P89_falls_within

This property identifies an instance of E53 Place that falls wholly within the extent of another E53 Place. It addresses spatial containment only, and does not imply any relationship between things or phenomena occupying these places.

has domain
Placec
has range
Placec

features are also found onop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P130i_features_are_also_found_on

has sub-properties
has translationop, is carried byop
has domain
Thingc
has range
Thingc

finishesop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P115_finishes

This property allows the ending point for a E2 Temporal Entity to be situated by reference to the ending point of another temporal entity of longer duration.
This property is only necessary if the time span is unknown (otherwise the relationship can be calculated). This property is the same as the "finishes / finished-by" relationships of Allen’s temporal logic (Allen, 1983, pp. 832-843).

has sub-properties
has end dateop
has domain
Temporal Entityc
has range
Temporal Entityc

for creatingop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#for_creating

has super-properties
has producedop
is inverse of
was created byop

foresees use ofop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P68_foresees_use_of

This property identifies an E57 Material foreseeen to be used by an E29 Design or Procedure. E29 Designs and procedures commonly foresee the use of particular E57 Materials. The fabrication of adobe bricks, for example, requires straw, clay and water. This property enables this to be documented. This property is not intended for the documentation of E57 Materials that were used on a particular occasion when an instance of E29 Design or Procedure was executed.

has super-properties
refers toop
has domain
Design or Procedurec
has range
Materialc

forms part ofop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P106i_forms_part_of

has sub-properties
is incorporated inop
has domain
Symbolic Objectc
has range
Symbolic Objectc

forms part ofop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P46i_forms_part_of

has sub-properties
is found onop, is surface ofop
has domain
Physical Thingc
has range
Physical Thingc

forms part ofop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P5i_forms_part_of

has domain
Condition Statec
has range
Condition Statec

forms part ofop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P9i_forms_part_of

has super-properties
falls withinop
has domain
Periodc
has range
Periodc

from fatherop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P97_from_father

This property links an E67 Birth event to an E21 Person in the role of biological father. Note that biological fathers are not seen as necessary participants in the Birth, whereas birth-giving mothers are (see P96 by mother (gave birth)). The Person being born is linked to the Birth with the property P98 brought into life (was born). This is not intended for use with general natural history material, only people. There is no explicit method for modelling conception and gestation except by using extensions. A Birth event is normally (but not always) associated with one biological father.

has domain
Birthc
has range
Personc

gained member byop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P144i_gained_member_by

has super-properties
participated inop
has domain
Groupc
has range
Joiningc

gave birthop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P96i_gave_birth

has super-properties
participated inop
has domain
Personc
has range
Birthc

had as general useop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P101_had_as_general_use

This property links an instance of E70 Thing to an E55 Type of usage. It allows the relationship between particular things, both physical and immaterial, and general methods and techniques of use to be documented. Thus it can be asserted that a baseball bat had a general use for sport and a specific use for threatening people during the Great Train Robbery.

has domain
Thingc
has range
Typec

had at least durationop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P83_had_at_least_duration

This property describes the minimum length of time covered by an E52 Time-Span. It allows an E52 Time-Span to be associated with an E54 Dimension representing it’s minimum duration (i.e. it’s inner boundary) independent from the actual beginning and end.

has domain
Time-Spanc
has range
Dimensionc

had at most durationop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P84_had_at_most_duration

This property describes the maximum length of time covered by an E52 Time-Span. It allows an E52 Time-Span to be associated with an E54 Dimension representing it’s maximum duration (i.e. it’s outer boundary) independent from the actual beginning and end.

has domain
Time-Spanc
has range
Dimensionc

had general purposeop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P21_had_general_purpose

This property describes an intentional relationship between an E7 Activity and some general goal or purpose. This may involve activities intended as preparation for some type of activity or event. P21had general purpose (was purpose of) differs from P20 had specific purpose (was purpose of) in that no occurrence of an event is implied as the purpose.

has domain
Activityc
has range
Typec

had participantop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P11_had_participant

This property describes the active or passive participation of instances of E39 Actors in an E5 Event. It connects the life-line of the related E39 Actor with the E53 Place and E50 Date of the event. The property implies that the Actor was involved in the event but does not imply any causal relationship. The subject of a portrait can be said to have participated in the creation of the portrait.

has super-properties
occurred in the presence ofop
has sub-properties
by motherop, carried out byop, dissolvedop, joinedop, joined withop, separatedop, separated fromop, was formed fromop
has domain
Eventc
has range
Actorc

had presenceop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P166i_had_presence

has domain
Spacetime Volumec
has range
Presencec

had specific purposeop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P20_had_specific_purpose

This property identifies the relationship between a preparatory activity and the event it is intended to be preparation for. This includes activities, orders and other organisational actions, taken in preparation for other activities or events. P20 had specific purpose (was purpose of) implies that an activity succeeded in achieving its aim. If it does not succeed, such as the setting of a trap that did not catch anything, one may document the unrealized intention using P21 had general purpose (was purpose of):E55 Type and/or P33 used specific technique (was used by): E29 Design or Procedure.

has sub-properties
has motivationop
has domain
Activityc
has range
Eventc

has alternative formop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P139_has_alternative_form

This property establishes a relationship of equivalence between two instances of E41 Appellation independent from any item identified by them. It is a dynamic asymmetric relationship, where the range expresses the derivative, if such a direction can be established. Otherwise, the relationship is symmetric. The relationship is not transitive. The equivalence applies to all cases of use of an instance of E41 Appellation. Multiple names assigned to an object, which are not equivalent for all things identified with a specific instance of E41 Appellation, should be modelled as repeated values of P1 is identified by (identifies). P139.1 has type allows the type of derivation, such as “transliteration from Latin 1 to ASCII” be refined..

has domain
Appellationc
has range
Appellationc

has bibliographyop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#has_bibliography

has super-properties
is documented inop

has broader termop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P127_has_broader_term

This property identifies a super-Type to which an E55 Type is related. It allows Types to be organised into hierarchies. This is the sense of "broader term generic (BTG)" as defined in ISO 2788

has domain
Typec
has range
Typec

has chronologyop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#has_chronology

has super-properties
occurs duringop
has range
chronologyc

has componentop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P148_has_component

This property associates an instance of E89 Propositional Object with a structural part of it that is by itself an instance of E89 Propositional Object.

has conditionop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P44_has_condition

This property records an E3 Condition State for some E18 Physical Thing. It is a shortcut of the more fully developed path from E18 Physical Thing through P34 concerned (was assessed by), E14 Condition Assessment P35 has identified (was identified by) to E3 Condition State. It offers no information about how and when the E3 Condition State was established, nor by whom. An instance of Condition State is specific to an instance of Physical Thing.

has domain
Physical Thingc
has range
Condition Statec

has contact pointop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P76_has_contact_point

This property identifies an E51 Contact Point of any type that provides access to an E39 Actor by any communication method, such as e-mail or fax.

has domain
Actorc
has range
Contact Pointc

has copyop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#has_copy

has super-properties
shows features ofop

has createdop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P94_has_created

This property allows a conceptual E65 Creation to be linked to the E28 Conceptual Object created by it. It represents the act of conceiving the intellectual content of the E28 Conceptual Object. It does not represent the act of creating the first physical carrier of the E28 Conceptual Object. As an example, this is the composition of a poem, not its commitment to paper.

has super-properties
brought into existenceop
has sub-properties
created typeop
has domain
Creationc
has range
Conceptual Objectc

has current collocationop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#has_current_collocation

has super-properties
has current locationop
has range
collocationc

has current keeperop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P50_has_current_keeper

This property identifies the E39 Actor or Actors who had custody of an instance of E18 Physical Thing at the time of validity of the record or database containing the statement that uses this property. P50 has current keeper (is current keeper of) is a shortcut for the more detailed path from E18 Physical Thing through P30 transferred custody of (custody transferred through), E10 Transfer of Custody, P29 custody received by (received custody through) to E39 Actor.

has super-properties
has former or current keeperop
has domain
Physical Thingc
has range
Actorc

has current locationop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P55_has_current_location

This property records the location of an E19 Physical Object at the time of validity of the record or database containing the statement that uses this property. This property is a specialisation of P53 has former or current location (is former or current location of). It indicates that the E53 Place associated with the E19 Physical Object is the current location of the object. The property does not allow any indication of how long the Object has been at the current location. P55 has current location (currently holds) is a shortcut. A more detailed representation can make use of the fully developed (i.e. indirect) path from E19 Physical Object through P25 moved (moved by), E9 Move P26 moved to (was destination of) to E53 Place if and only if this Move is the most recent.

has super-properties
has former or current locationop
has sub-properties
has current collocationop
has domain
Physical Objectc
has range
Placec

has current or former curatorop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P109_has_current_or_former_curator

This property identifies the E39 Actor or Actors who assume or have assumed overall curatorial responsibility for an E78 Collection.

It does not allow a history of curation to be recorded. This would require use of an Event initiating a curator being responsible for a Collection.

has super-properties
has former or current keeperop
has domain
Collectionc
has range
Actorc

has current or former memberop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P107_has_current_or_former_member

This property relates an E39 Actor to the E74 Group of which that E39 Actor is a member. Groups, Legal Bodies and Persons, may all be members of Groups. A Group necessarily consists of more than one member. This property is a shortcut of the more fully developed path from E74 Group through P144 joined with (gained member by), E85 Joining, P143 joined (was joined by) to E39 Actor The property P107.1 kind of member can be used to specify the type of membership or the role the member has in the group.

has domain
Groupc
has range
Actorc

has current or former residenceop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P74_has_current_or_former_residence

This property describes the current or former E53 Place of residence of an E39 Actor. The residence may be either the Place where the Actor resides, or a legally registered address of any kind.

has domain
Actorc
has range
Placec

has current ownerop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P52_has_current_owner

This property identifies the E21 Person, E74 Group or E40 Legal Body that was the owner of an instance of E18 Physical Thing at the time of validity of the record or database containing the statement that uses this property. P52 has current owner (is current owner of) is a shortcut for the more detailed path from E18 Physical Thing through P24 transferred title of (changed ownership through), E8 Acquisition, P22 transferred title to (acquired title through) to E39 Actor, if and only if this acquisition event is the most recent.

has super-properties
right held byop
has former or current ownerop
has domain
Physical Thingc
has range
Actorc

has current permanent locationop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P54_has_current_permanent_location

This property records the foreseen permanent location of an instance of E19 Physical Object at the time of validity of the record or database containing the statement that uses this property. P54 has current permanent location (is current permanent location of) is similar to P55 has current location (currently holds). However, it indicates the E53 Place currently reserved for an object, such as the permanent storage location or a permanent exhibit location. The object may be temporarily removed from the permanent location, for example when used in temporary exhibitions or loaned to another institution. The object may never actually be located at its permanent location.

has domain
Physical Objectc
has range
Placec

has dimensionop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P43_has_dimension

This property records a E54 Dimension of some E70 Thing. It is a shortcut of the more fully developed path from E70 Thing through P39 measured (was measured by), E16 Measurement P40 observed dimension (was observed in) to E54 Dimension. It offers no information about how and when an E54 Dimension was established, nor by whom. An instance of E54 Dimension is specific to an instance of E70 Thing.

has sub-properties
has dimensionop
has domain
Thingc
has range
Dimensionc

has dimensionop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#has_dimension

has super-properties
has dimensionop
has sub-properties
has dimension 1op, has dimension 2op, has dimension 3op
has range
dimensionc

has dimension 1op back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#has_dimension_1

has super-properties
has dimensionop

has dimension 2op back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#has_dimension_2

has super-properties
has dimensionop

has dimension 3op back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#has_dimension_3

has super-properties
has dimensionop

has discovery placeop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#has_discovery_place

has super-properties
took place atop
has domain
discovery eventc
has range
Placec

has end dateop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#has_end_date

has super-properties
finishesop
has range
end datec

has epigraph fieldop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#has_epigraph_field

has super-properties
is composed ofop

has epigraph supportop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#has_epigraph_support

has super-properties
is composed ofop

has epigraph writing styleop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#has_epigraph_writing_style

has super-properties
used general techniqueop
has range
epigraph writing stylec

has execution typeop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#has_execution_type

has super-properties
used general techniqueop
has range
execution typec

has formedop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P95_has_formed

This property links the founding or E66 Formation for an E74 Group with the Group itself.

has super-properties
brought into existenceop
has domain
Formationc
has range
Groupc

has former or current keeperop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P49_has_former_or_current_keeper

This property identifies the E39 Actor or Actors who have or have had custody of an instance of E18 Physical Thing at some time. This property leaves open the question if parts of this physical thing have been added or removed during the time-spans it has been under the custody of this actor, but it is required that at least a part which can unambiguously be identified as representing the whole has been under this custody for its whole time. The way, in which a representative part is defined, should ensure that it is unambiguous who keeps a part and who the whole and should be consistent with the identity criteria of the kept instance of E18 Physical Thing. The distinction with P50 has current keeper (is current keeper of) is that P49 has former or current keeper (is former or current keeper of) leaves open the question as to whether the specified keepers are current. P49 has former or current keeper (is former or current keeper of) is a shortcut for the more detailed path from E18 Physical Thing through P30 transferred custody of (custody transferred through), E10 Transfer of Custody, P28 custody surrendered by (surrendered custody through) or P29 custody received by (received custody through) to E39 Actor.

has sub-properties
has current keeperop, has current or former curatorop
has domain
Physical Thingc
has range
Actorc

has former or current locationop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P53_has_former_or_current_location

This property allows an instance of E53 Place to be associated as the former or current location of an instance of E18 Physical Thing. In the case of E19 Physical Objects, the property does not allow any indication of the Time-Span during which the Physical Object was located at this Place, nor if this is the current location. In the case of immobile objects, the Place would normally correspond to the Place of creation. P53 has former or current location (is former or current location of) is a shortcut. A more detailed representation can make use of the fully developed (i.e. indirect) path from E19 Physical Object through P25 moved (moved by), E9 Move, P26 moved to (was destination of) or P27 moved from (was origin of) to E53 Place.

has sub-properties
has current locationop
has domain
Physical Thingc
has range
Placec

has former or current ownerop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P51_has_former_or_current_owner

This property identifies the E39 Actor that is or has been the legal owner (i.e. title holder) of an instance of E18 Physical Thing at some time. The distinction with P52 has current owner (is current owner of) is that P51 has former or current owner (is former or current owner of) does not indicate whether the specified owners are current. P51 has former or current owner (is former or current owner of) is a shortcut for the more detailed path from E18 Physical Thing through P24 transferred title of (changed ownership through), E8 Acquisition, P23 transferred title from (surrendered title through), or P22 transferred title to (acquired title through) to E39 Actor.

has sub-properties
has current ownerop
has domain
Physical Thingc
has range
Actorc

has fragmentop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#has_fragment

has super-properties
is composed ofop

has graphemeop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#has_grapheme

has super-properties
is composed ofop

has historical periodop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#has_historical_period

has super-properties
has time-spanop
has range
historical periodc

has identifiedop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P35_has_identified

This property identifies the E3 Condition State that was observed in an E14 Condition Assessment activity.

has super-properties
assignedop
has domain
Condition Assessmentc
has range
Condition Statec

has inscriptionop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#has_inscription

has super-properties
carriesop
has domain
epigraph fieldc
has range
epigraph inscriptionc

has languageop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P72_has_language

This property describes the E56 Language of an E33 Linguistic Object. Linguistic Objects are composed in one or more human Languages. This property allows these languages to be documented.

has sub-properties
has languageop
has domain
Linguistic Objectc
has range
Languagec

has languageop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#has_language

has super-properties
has languageop

has materialop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#has_material

has super-properties
consists ofop

has modifiedop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P31_has_modified

This property identifies the E24 Physical Man-Made Thing modified in an E11 Modification. If a modification is applied to a non-man-made object, it is regarded as an E22 Man-Made Object from that time onwards.

has super-properties
occurred in the presence ofop
has sub-properties
augmentedop, diminishedop, executed onop, has producedop
has domain
Modificationc
has range
Physical Man-Made Thingc

has motivationop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#has_motivation

has super-properties
had specific purposeop
has range
motivationc

has motivation typeop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#has_motivation_type

has super-properties
has typeop

has narrower termop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P127i_has_narrower_term

has domain
Typec
has range
Typec

has origin placeop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#has_origin_place

has super-properties
took place atop

has parentop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P152_has_parent

This property associates an instance of E21 Person with another instance of E21 Person who plays the role of the first instance’s parent, regardless of whether the relationship is biological parenthood, assumed or pretended biological parenthood or an equivalent legal status of rights and obligations obtained by a social or legal act. This property is, among others, a shortcut of the fully developed paths from ‘E21Person’ through ‘P98i was born’, ‘E67 Birth’, ‘P96 by mother’ to ‘E21 Person’, and from ‘E21Person’ through ‘P98i was born’, ‘E67 Birth’, ‘P97 from father’ to ‘E21 Person’.

has domain
Personc
has range
Personc

has preferred identifierop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P48_has_preferred_identifier

This property records the preferred E42 Identifier that was used to identify an instance of E1 CRM Entity at the time this property was recorded. More than one preferred identifier may have been assigned to an item over time. Use of this property requires an external mechanism for assigning temporal validity to the respective CRM instance. P48 has preferred identifier (is preferred identifier of), is a shortcut for the path from E1 CRM Entity through P140 assigned attribute to (was attributed by), E15 Identifier Assignment, P37 assigned (was assigned by) to E42 Identifier. The fact that an identifier is a preferred one for an organisation can be better expressed in a context independent form by assigning a suitable E55 Type to the respective instance of E15 Identifier Assignment using the P2 has type property.

has super-properties
is identified byop
has domain
CRM Entityc
has range
Identifierc

has producedop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P108_has_produced

This property identifies the E24 Physical Man-Made Thing that came into existence as a result of an E12 Production. The identity of an instance of E24 Physical Man-Made Thing is not defined by its matter, but by its existence as a subject of documentation. An E12 Production can result in the creation of multiple instances of E24 Physical Man-Made Thing.

has super-properties
has modifiedop
brought into existenceop
has sub-properties
for creatingop
has domain
Productionc
has range
Physical Man-Made Thingc

has religionop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#has_religion

has super-properties
has typeop

has reported textop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#has_reported_text

has super-properties
incorporatesop

has representationop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P138i_has_representation

has super-properties
is referred to byop
has domain
CRM Entityc
has range
Visual Itemc

has right onop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P105i_has_right_on

has sub-properties
is current owner ofop
has domain
Actorc
has range
Legal Objectc

has sectionop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P59_has_section

This property links an area to the instance of E18 Physical Thing upon which it is found. It is typically used when a named E46 Section Definition is not appropriate. E18 Physical Thing may be subdivided into arbitrary regions. P59 has section (is located on or within) is a shortcut. If the E53 Place is identified by a Section Definition, a more detailed representation can make use of the fully developed (i.e. indirect) path from E18 Physical Thing through P58 has section definition (defines section), E46 Section Definition, P87 is identified by (identifies) to E53 Place. A Place can only be located on or within one Physical Object.

has sub-properties
provides reference space forop
has domain
Physical Thingc
has range
Placec

has sectionop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#has_section

has super-properties
is composed ofop

has section definitionop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P58_has_section_definition

This property links an area (section) named by a E46 Section Definition to the instance of E18 Physical Thing upon which it is found. The CRM handles sections as locations (instances of E53 Place) within or on E18 Physical Thing that are identified by E46 Section Definitions. Sections need not be discrete and separable components or parts of an object. This is part of a more developed path from E18 Physical Thing through P58, E46 Section Definition, P87 is identified by (identifies) that allows a more precise definition of a location found on an object than the shortcut P59 has section (is located on or within). A particular instance of a Section Definition only applies to one instance of Physical Thing.

has spatial projectionop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P161_has_spatial_projection

This property associates an instance of a E92 Spacetime Volume with an instance of E53 Place that is the result of the spatial projection of the instance of a E92 Spacetime Volume on a reference space. In general there can be more than one useful reference space to describe the spatial projection of a spacetime volume, such as that of a battle ship versus that of the seafloor. Therefore the projection is not unique. This is part of the fully developed path that is shortcut by P7took place at (witnessed).The more fully developed path from E4 Period through P161 has spatial projection, E53 Place, P89 falls within (contains) to E53 Place.

has sub-properties
occupiesop
has domain
Spacetime Volumec
has range
Placec

has start dateop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#has_start_date

has super-properties
startsop
has range
start datec

has support typeop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#has_support_type

has super-properties
has typeop

has surfaceop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#has_surface

has super-properties
is composed ofop
is inverse of
is surface ofop

has temporal projectionop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P160_has_temporal_projection

This property describes the temporal projection of an instance of an E92 Spacetime Volume. The property P4 has time-span is the same as P160 has temporal projection if it is used to document an instance of E4 Period or any subclass of it.

has sub-properties
duringop
has domain
Spacetime Volumec
has range
Time-Spanc

has time-spanop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P4_has_time-span

This property describes the temporal confinement of an instance of an E2 Temporal Entity. The related E52 Time-Span is understood as the real Time-Span during which the phenomena were active, which make up the temporal entity instance. It does not convey any other meaning than a positioning on the “time-line” of chronology. The Time-Span in turn is approximated by a set of dates (E61 Time Primitive). A temporal entity can have in reality only one Time-Span, but there may exist alternative opinions about it, which we would express by assigning multiple Time-Spans. Related temporal entities may share a Time-Span. Time-Spans may have completely unknown dates but other descriptions by which we can infer knowledge.

has sub-properties
has historical periodop
has domain
Temporal Entityc
has range
Time-Spanc

has titleop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P102_has_title

This property describes the E35 Title applied to an instance of E71 Man-Made Thing. The E55 Type of Title is assigned in a sub property. The P102.1 has type property of the P102 has title (is title of) property enables the relationship between the Title and the thing to be further clarified, for example, if the Title was a given Title, a supplied Title etc. It allows any man-made material or immaterial thing to be given a Title. It is possible to imagine a Title being created without a specific object in mind.

has super-properties
is identified byop
has domain
Man-Made Thingc
has range
Titlec

has transcriptionop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#has_transcription

has super-properties
incorporatesop

has transfer activityop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#has_transfer_activity

has super-properties
moved byop

has translationop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P73_has_translation

This property describes the source and target of instances of E33Linguistic Object involved in a translation. When a Linguistic Object is translated into a new language it becomes a new Linguistic Object, despite being conceptually similar to the source object.

has super-properties
features are also found onop
has sub-properties
has translationop
has domain
Linguistic Objectc
has range
Linguistic Objectc

has translationop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#has_translation

has super-properties
has translationop

has typeop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P2_has_type

This property allows sub typing of CRM entities - a form of specialisation – through the use of a terminological hierarchy, or thesaurus. The CRM is intended to focus on the high-level entities and relationships needed to describe data structures. Consequently, it does not specialise entities any further than is required for this immediate purpose. However, entities in the isA hierarchy of the CRM may by specialised into any number of sub entities, which can be defined in the E55 Type hierarchy. E51 Contact Point, for example, may be specialised into “e-mail address”, “telephone number”, “post office box”, “URL” etc. none of which figures explicitly in the CRM hierarchy. Sub typing obviously requires consistency between the meaning of the terms assigned and the more general intent of the CRM entity in question.

has sub-properties
exemplifiesop, has motivation typeop, has religionop, has support typeop
has domain
CRM Entityc
has range
Typec

has unitop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P91_has_unit

This property shows the type of unit an E54 Dimension was expressed in.

has sub-properties
has unit measureop
has domain
Dimensionc
has range
Measurement Unitc

has unit measureop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#has_unit_measure

has super-properties
has unitop
has range
measurement unitc

identifiesop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P131i_identifies

has super-properties
identifiesop
has domain
Actor Appellationc
has range
Actorc

identifiesop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P149i_identifies

has super-properties
identifiesop
has domain
Conceptual Object Appellationc
has range
Conceptual Objectc

identifiesop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P1i_identifies

identifiesop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P78i_identifies

has super-properties
identifiesop
has domain
Time Appellationc
has range
Time-Spanc

identifiesop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P87i_identifies

has super-properties
identifiesop
has domain
Place Appellationc
has range
Placec

includesop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P117i_includes

has domain
Temporal Entityc
has range
Temporal Entityc

incorporatesop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P165_incorporates

This property associates an instance of E73 Information Object with an instance of E90 Symbolic Object (or any of its subclasses) that was included in it. This property makes it possible to recognise the autonomous status of the incorporated signs, which were created in a distinct context, and can be incorporated in many distinct self-contained expressions, and to highlight the difference between structural and accidental whole-part relationships between conceptual entities. It accounts for many cultural facts that are quite frequent and significant: the inclusion of a poem in an anthology, the re-use of an operatic aria in a new opera, the use of a reproduction of a painting for a book cover or a CD booklet, the integration of textual quotations, the presence of lyrics in a song that sets those lyrics to music, the presence of the text of a play in a movie based on that play, etc. In particular, this property allows for modelling relationships of different levels of symbolic specificity, such as the natural language words making up a particular text, the characters making up the words and punctuation, the choice of fonts and page layout for the characters. A digital photograph of a manuscript page incorporates the text of the manuscript page.

has super-properties
is composed ofop
has sub-properties
has reported textop, has transcriptionop
has domain
Information Objectc
has range
Symbolic Objectc

influencedop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P15i_influenced

has sub-properties
motivatedop, supported type creationop, was continued byop, was used forop
has domain
CRM Entityc
has range
Activityc

is aboutop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P129_is_about

This property documents that an E89 Propositional Object has as subject an instance of E1 CRM Entity.

has super-properties
refers toop
has domain
Propositional Objectc
has range
CRM Entityc

is associated withop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P69_is_associated_with

This property generalises relationships like whole-part, sequence, prerequisite or inspired by between instances of E29 Design or Procedure. Any instance of E29 Design or Procedure may be associated with other designs or procedures. The property is considered to be symmetrical unless otherwise indicated by P69.1 has type. The P69.1 has type property of P69 has association with allows the nature of the association to be specified reading from domain to range; examples of types of association between instances of E29 Design or Procedure include: has part, follows, requires, etc. The property can typically be used to model the decomposition of the description of a complete workflow into a series of separate procedures.

is at rest relative toop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P157_is_at_rest_relative_to

This property associates an instance of P53 Place with the instance of E18 Physical Thing that determines a reference space for this instance of P53 Place by being at rest with respect to this reference space. The relative stability of form of an E18 Physical Thing defines its default reference space. The reference space is not spatially limited to the referred thing. For example, a ship determines a reference space in terms of which other ships in its neighbourhood may be described. Larger constellations of matter, such as continental plates, may comprise many physical features that are at rest with them and define the same reference space.

has super-properties
is located on or withinop
has domain
Placec
has range
Physical Thingc

is carried byop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P128i_is_carried_by

has super-properties
features are also found onop
has sub-properties
is shown byop
has domain
Symbolic Objectc
has range
Physical Thingc

is component ofop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P148i_is_component_of

is composed ofop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P106_is_composed_of

This property associates an instance of E90 Symbolic Object with a part of it that is by itself an instance of E90 Symbolic Object, such as fragments of texts or clippings from an image.

has sub-properties
has graphemeop, has sectionop, incorporatesop
has domain
Symbolic Objectc
has range
Symbolic Objectc

is composed ofop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P46_is_composed_of

This property allows instances of E18 Physical Thing to be analysed into component elements.

Component elements, since they are themselves instances of E18 Physical Thing, may be further analysed into sub-components, thereby creating a hierarchy of part decomposition. An instance of E18 Physical Thing may be shared between multiple wholes, for example two buildings may share a common wall. This property does not specify when and for how long a component element resided in the respective whole. If a component is not part of a whole from the beginning of existence or until the end of existence of the whole, the classes E79 Part Addition and E90 Part Removal can be used to document when a component became part of a particular whole and/or when it stopped being a part of it. For the time-span of being part of the respective whole, the component is completely contained in the place the whole occupies.

This property is intended to describe specific components that are individually documented, rather than general aspects. Overall descriptions of the structure of an instance of E18 Physical Thing are captured by the P3 has note property.

The instances of E57 Material of which an item of E18 Physical Thing is composed should be documented using P45 consists of (is incorporated in).

is condition ofop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P44i_is_condition_of

has domain
Condition Statec
has range
Physical Thingc

is copy ofop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#is_copy_of

has super-properties
shows features ofop

is current keeper ofop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P50i_is_current_keeper_of

has super-properties
is former or current keeper ofop
has domain
Actorc
has range
Physical Thingc

is current or former curator ofop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P109i_is_current_or_former_curator_of

has super-properties
is former or current keeper ofop
has domain
Actorc
has range
Collectionc

is current or former member ofop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P107i_is_current_or_former_member_of

has domain
Actorc
has range
Groupc

is current or former residence ofop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P74i_is_current_or_former_residence_of

has domain
Placec
has range
Actorc

is current owner ofop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P52i_is_current_owner_of

has super-properties
has right onop
is former or current owner ofop
has domain
Actorc
has range
Physical Thingc

is current permanent location ofop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P54i_is_current_permanent_location_of

has domain
Placec
has range
Physical Objectc

is depicted byop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P62i_is_depicted_by

is dimension ofop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P43i_is_dimension_of

has domain
Dimensionc
has range
Thingc

is documented inop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P70i_is_documented_in

has super-properties
is referred to byop
has sub-properties
has bibliographyop
has domain
CRM Entityc
has range
Documentc

is equal in time toop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P114_is_equal_in_time_to

This symmetric property allows the instances of E2 Temporal Entity with the same E52 Time-Span to be equated. This property is only necessary if the time span is unknown (otherwise the equivalence can be calculated). This property is the same as the "equal" relationship of Allen’s temporal logic (Allen, 1983, pp. 832-843).

has domain
Temporal Entityc
has range
Temporal Entityc

is exemplified byop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P137i_is_exemplified_by

has super-properties
is type ofop
has domain
Typec
has range
CRM Entityc

is finished byop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P115i_is_finished_by

has domain
Temporal Entityc
has range
Temporal Entityc

is former or current keeper ofop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P49i_is_former_or_current_keeper_of

is former or current location ofop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P53i_is_former_or_current_location_of

has sub-properties
currently holdsop
has domain
Placec
has range
Physical Thingc

is former or current owner ofop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P51i_is_former_or_current_owner_of

has sub-properties
is current owner ofop
has domain
Actorc
has range
Physical Thingc

is found onop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P56i_is_found_on

has super-properties
forms part ofop
has domain
Physical Featurec
has range
Physical Objectc

is identified byop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P131_is_identified_by

This property identifies a name used specifically to identify an E39 Actor. This property is a specialisation of P1 is identified by (identifies) is identified by.

has super-properties
is identified byop
has domain
Actorc
has range
Actor Appellationc

is identified byop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P149_is_identified_by

This property identifies an instance of E28 Conceptual Object using an instance of E75 Conceptual Object Appellation.

has super-properties
is identified byop
has domain
Conceptual Objectc
has range
Conceptual Object Appellationc

is identified byop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P1_is_identified_by

This property describes the naming or identification of any real world item by a name or any other identifier. This property is intended for identifiers in general use, which form part of the world the model intends to describe, and not merely for internal database identifiers which are specific to a technical system, unless these latter also have a more general use outside the technical context. This property includes in particular identification by mathematical expressions such as coordinate systems used for the identification of instances of E53 Place. The property does not reveal anything about when, where and by whom this identifier was used. A more detailed representation can be made using the fully developed (i.e. indirect) path through E15 Identifier Assignment.

is identified byop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P78_is_identified_by

This property identifies an E52 Time-Span using an E49Time Appellation.

has super-properties
is identified byop
has domain
Time-Spanc
has range
Time Appellationc

is identified byop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P87_is_identified_by

This property identifies an E53 Place using an E44 Place Appellation. Examples of Place Appellations used to identify Places include instances of E48 Place Name, addresses, E47 Spatial Coordinates etc.

has super-properties
is identified byop
has domain
Placec
has range
Place Appellationc

is incorporated inop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P165i_is_incorporated_in

has super-properties
forms part ofop
has domain
Symbolic Objectc
has range
Information Objectc

is incorporated inop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P45i_is_incorporated_in

has domain
Materialc
has range
Physical Thingc

is language ofop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P72i_is_language_of

has domain
Languagec
has range
Linguistic Objectc

is listed inop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P71i_is_listed_in

has super-properties
is referred to byop
has domain
CRM Entityc
has range
Authority Documentc

is located on or withinop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P59i_is_located_on_or_within

has sub-properties
is at rest relative toop
has domain
Placec
has range
Physical Thingc

is met in time byop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P119i_is_met_in_time_by

has domain
Temporal Entityc
has range
Temporal Entityc

is occupied byop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P156i_is_occupied_by

has super-properties
is spatial projection ofop
has domain
Placec
has range
Physical Thingc

is overlapped in time byop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P118i_is_overlapped_in_time_by

has domain
Temporal Entityc
has range
Temporal Entityc

is parent ofop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P152i_is_parent_of

has domain
Personc
has range
Personc

is possessed byop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P75i_is_possessed_by

has domain
Rightc
has range
Actorc

is preferred identifier ofop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P48i_is_preferred_identifier_of

has super-properties
identifiesop
has domain
Identifierc
has range
CRM Entityc

is referred to byop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P67i_is_referred_to_by

is separated fromop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P133_is_separated_from

This symmetric property associates two instances of E92 Spacetime Volume that have no extent in common.

is shown byop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P65i_is_shown_by

has super-properties
is carried byop
has domain
Visual Itemc
has range
Physical Man-Made Thingc

is spatial projection ofop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P161i_is_spatial_projection_of

has sub-properties
is occupied byop
has domain
Placec
has range
Spacetime Volumec

is started byop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P116i_is_started_by

has domain
Temporal Entityc
has range
Temporal Entityc

is subject ofop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P129i_is_subject_of

has super-properties
is referred to byop
has domain
CRM Entityc
has range
Propositional Objectc

is subject toop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P104_is_subject_to

This property links a particular E72 Legal Object to the instances of E30 Right to which it is subject. The Right is held by an E39 Actor as described by P75 possesses (is possessed by).

has domain
Legal Objectc
has range
Rightc

is surface ofop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#is_surface_of

has super-properties
forms part ofop
is inverse of
has surfaceop

is temporal projection ofop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P160i_is_temporal_projection_of

has sub-properties
was time-span ofop
has domain
Time-Spanc
has range
Spacetime Volumec

is time-span ofop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P4i_is_time-span_of

has domain
Time-Spanc
has range
Temporal Entityc

is title ofop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P102i_is_title_of

has super-properties
identifiesop
has domain
Titlec
has range
Man-Made Thingc

is translation ofop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P73i_is_translation_of

has super-properties
shows features ofop
has domain
Linguistic Objectc
has range
Linguistic Objectc

is type ofop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P2i_is_type_of

has sub-properties
is exemplified byop
has domain
Typec
has range
CRM Entityc

is unit ofop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P91i_is_unit_of

has domain
Measurement Unitc
has range
Dimensionc

joinedop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P143_joined

This property identifies the instance of E39 Actor that becomes member of a E74 Group in an E85 Joining. Joining events allow for describing people becoming members of a group with a more detailed path from E74 Group through P144 joined with (gained member by), E85 Joining, P143 joined (was joined by) to E39 Actor, compared to the shortcut offered by P107 has current or former member (is current or former member of).

has super-properties
had participantop
has domain
Joiningc
has range
Actorc

joined withop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P144_joined_with

This property identifies the instance of E74 Group of which an instance of E39 Actor becomes a member through an instance of E85 Joining. Although a Joining activity normally concerns only one instance of E74 Group, it is possible to imagine circumstances under which becoming member of one Group implies becoming member of another Group as well. Joining events allow for describing people becoming members of a group with a more detailed path from E74 Group through P144 joined with (gained member by), E85 Joining, P143 joined (was joined by) to E39 Actor, compared to the shortcut offered by P107 has current or former member (is current or former member of). The property P144.1 kind of member can be used to specify the type of membership or the role the member has in the group.

has super-properties
had participantop
has domain
Joiningc
has range
Groupc

left byop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P145i_left_by

has super-properties
participated inop
has domain
Actorc
has range
Leavingc

listsop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P71_lists

This property documents a source E32 Authority Document for an instance of an E1 CRM Entity.

has super-properties
refers toop
has domain
Authority Documentc
has range
CRM Entityc

lost member byop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P146i_lost_member_by

has super-properties
participated inop
has domain
Groupc
has range
Leavingc

measuredop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P39_measured

This property associates an instance of E16 Measurement with the instance of E1 CRM Entity to which it applied. An instance of E1 CRM Entity may be measured more than once. Material and immaterial things and processes may be measured, e.g. the number of words in a text, or the duration of an event.

has super-properties
assigned attribute toop
has domain
Measurementc
has range
CRM Entityc

meets in time withop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P119_meets_in_time_with

This property indicates that one E2 Temporal Entity immediately follows another. It implies a particular order between the two entities: if A meets in time with B, then A must precede B. This property is only necessary if the relevant time spans are unknown (otherwise the relationship can be calculated). This property is the same as the "meets / met-by" relationships of Allen’s temporal logic (Allen, 1983, pp. 832-843).

has domain
Temporal Entityc
has range
Temporal Entityc

motivatedop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P17i_motivated

has super-properties
influencedop
has domain
CRM Entityc
has range
Activityc

movedop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P25_moved

This property identifies an instance of E19 Physical Object that was moved by a move event. A move must concern at least one object.

The property implies the object's passive participation. For example, Monet's painting "Impression sunrise" was moved for the first Impressionist exhibition in 1874.

has super-properties
occurred in the presence ofop
has domain
Movec
has range
Physical Objectc

moved byop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P25i_moved_by

has super-properties
was present atop
has sub-properties
has transfer activityop
has domain
Physical Objectc
has range
Movec

moved fromop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P27_moved_from

This property identifies a starting E53 Place of an E9 Move.

A move will be linked to an origin, such as the move of an artefact from storage to display. A move may be linked to many starting instances of E53 Place by multiple instances of this property. In this case the move describes the picking up of a set of objects. The area of the move includes the origin(s), route and destination(s). Therefore the described origin is an instance of E53 Place which P89 falls within (contains) the instance of E53 Place the move P7 took place at.

has sub-properties
moved from collocationop
has domain
Movec
has range
Placec

moved from collocationop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#moved_from_collocation

has super-properties
moved fromop

moved toop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P26_moved_to

This property identifies a destination of a E9 Move. A move will be linked to a destination, such as the move of an artefact from storage to display. A move may be linked to many terminal instances of E53 Place by multiple instances of this property. In this case the move describes a distribution of a set of objects. The area of the move includes the origin(s), route and destination(s). Therefore the described destination is an instance of E53 Place which P89 falls within (contains) the instance of E53 Place the move P7 took place at.

has sub-properties
moved to collocationop
has domain
Movec
has range
Placec

moved to collocationop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#moved_to_collocation

has super-properties
moved toop

observed dimensionop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P40_observed_dimension

This property records the dimension that was observed in an E16 Measurement Event. E54 Dimension can be any quantifiable aspect of E70 Thing. Weight, image colour depth and monetary value are dimensions in this sense. One measurement activity may determine more than one dimension of one object. Dimensions may be determined either by direct observation or using recorded evidence. In the latter case the measured Thing does not need to be present or extant. Even though knowledge of the value of a dimension requires measurement, the dimension may be an object of discourse prior to, or even without, any measurement being made.

has super-properties
assignedop
has domain
Measurementc
has range
Dimensionc

occupiesop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P156_occupies

This property describes the largest volume in space that an instance of E18 Physical Thing has occupied at any time during its existence, with respect to the reference space relative to itself. This allows you to describe the thing itself as a place that may contain other things, such as a box that may contain coins. In other words, it is the volume that contains all the points which the thing has covered at some time during its existence. In the case of an E26 Physical Feature the default reference space is the one in which the object that bears the feature or at least the surrounding matter of the feature is at rest. In this case there is a 1:1 relation of E26 Feature and E53 Place. For simplicity of implementation multiple inheritance (E26 Feature IsA E53 Place) may be a practical approach.

For instances of E19 Physical Objects the default reference space is the one which is at rest to the object itself, i.e. which moves together with the object. We include in the occupied space the space filled by the matter of the physical thing and all its inner spaces.

This property is a subproperty of P161 has spatial projection because it refers to its own domain as reference space for its range, whereas P161 has spatial projection may refer to a place in terms of any reference space. For some instances of E18 Physical Object the relative stability of form may not be sufficient to define a useful local reference space, for instance for an amoeba. In such cases the fully developed path to an external reference space and using a temporal validity component may be adequate to determine the place they have occupied.

In contrast to P156 occupies, the property P53 has former or current location identifies an instance of E53 Place at which a thing is or has been for some unspecified time span. Further it does not constrain the reference space of the referred instance of P53 Place.

has super-properties
has spatial projectionop
has domain
Physical Thingc
has range
Placec

occurred in the presence ofop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P12_occurred_in_the_presence_of

This property describes the active or passive presence of an E77 Persistent Item in an E5 Event without implying any specific role. It connects the history of a thing with the E53 Place and E50 Date of an event. For example, an object may be the desk, now in a museum on which a treaty was signed. The presence of an immaterial thing implies the presence of at least one of its carriers.

occurs afterop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P120i_occurs_after

has domain
Temporal Entityc
has range
Temporal Entityc

occurs beforeop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P120_occurs_before

This property identifies the relative chronological sequence of two temporal entities. It implies that a temporal gap exists between the end of A and the start of B. This property is only necessary if the relevant time spans are unknown (otherwise the relationship can be calculated). This property is the same as the "before / after" relationships of Allen’s temporal logic (Allen, 1983, pp. 832-843).

has domain
Temporal Entityc
has range
Temporal Entityc

occurs duringop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P117_occurs_during

This property allows the entire E52 Time-Span of an E2 Temporal Entity to be situated within the Time-Span of another temporal entity that starts before and ends after the included temporal entity.
This property is only necessary if the time span is unknown (otherwise the relationship can be calculated). This property is the same as the "during / includes" relationships of Allen’s temporal logic (Allen, 1983, pp. 832-843).

has sub-properties
has chronologyop
has domain
Temporal Entityc
has range
Temporal Entityc

overlaps in time withop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P118_overlaps_in_time_with

This property identifies an overlap between the instances of E52 Time-Span of two instances of E2 Temporal Entity. It implies a temporal order between the two entities: if A overlaps in time B, then A must start before B, and B must end after A. This property is only necessary if the relevant time spans are unknown (otherwise the relationship can be calculated). This property is the same as the "overlaps / overlapped-by" relationships of Allen’s temporal logic (Allen, 1983, pp. 832-843).

has domain
Temporal Entityc
has range
Temporal Entityc

overlaps withop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P121_overlaps_with

This symmetric property allows the instances of E53 Place with overlapping geometric extents to be associated with each other. It does not specify anything about the shared area. This property is purely spatial, in contrast to Allen operators, which are purely temporal.

has domain
Placec
has range
Placec

overlaps withop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P132_overlaps_with

This symmetric property associates two instances of E92 Spacetime Volume that have some of their extent in common.

participated inop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P11i_participated_in

has super-properties
was present atop
has sub-properties
gained member byop, gave birthop, left byop, lost member byop, participated inop, performedop, was dissolved byop, was joined byop
has domain
Actorc
has range
Eventc

participated inop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P151i_participated_in

has super-properties
participated inop
has domain
Groupc
has range
Formationc

performedop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P14i_performed

possessesop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P75_possesses

This property identifies former or current instances of E30 Rights held by an E39 Actor.

has domain
Actorc
has range
Rightc

provides access toop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P76i_provides_access_to

has domain
Contact Pointc
has range
Actorc

provides reference space forop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P157i_provides_reference_space_for

has super-properties
has sectionop
has domain
Physical Thingc
has range
Placec

received custody throughop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P29i_received_custody_through

has super-properties
performedop
has domain
Actorc
has range
Transfer of Custodyc

refers toop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P67_refers_to

This property documents that an E89 Propositional Object makes a statement about an instance of E1 CRM Entity. P67 refers to (is referred to by) has the P67.1 has type link to an instance of E55 Type. This is intended to allow a more detailed description of the type of reference. This differs from P129 is about (is subject of), which describes the primary subject or subjects of the E89 Propositional Object.

has sub-properties
documentsop, foresees use ofop, is aboutop, listsop, representsop
has domain
Propositional Objectc
has range
CRM Entityc

removedop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P113_removed

This property identifies the E18 Physical Thing that is removed during an E80 Part Removal activity.

has super-properties
occurred in the presence ofop
has domain
Part Removalc
has range
Physical Thingc

representsop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P138_represents

This property establishes the relationship between an E36 Visual Item and the entity that it visually represents. Any entity may be represented visually. This property is part of the fully developed path from E24 Physical Man-Made Thing through P65 shows visual item (is shown by), E36 Visual Item, P138 represents (has representation) to E1 CRM Entity, which is shortcut by P62depicts (is depicted by). P138.1 mode of representation allows the nature of the representation to be refined. This property is also used for the relationship between an original and a digitisation of the original by the use of techniques such as digital photography, flatbed or infrared scanning. Digitisation is here seen as a process with a mechanical, causal component rendering the spatial distribution of structural and optical properties of the original and does not necessarily include any visual similarity identifiable by human observation.

has super-properties
refers toop
has domain
Visual Itemc
has range
CRM Entityc

resulted fromop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P123i_resulted_from

has super-properties
was brought into existence byop
has domain
Persistent Itemc
has range
Transformationc

resulted inop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P123_resulted_in

This property identifies the E77 Persistent Item or items that are the result of an E81 Transformation. New items replace the transformed item or items, which cease to exist as units of documentation. The physical continuity between the old and the new is expressed by the link to the common Transformation.

has super-properties
brought into existenceop
has domain
Transformationc
has range
Persistent Itemc

right held byop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P105_right_held_by

This property identifies the E39 Actor who holds the instances of E30 Right to an E72 Legal Object. It is a superproperty of P52 has current owner (is current owner of) because ownership is a right that is held on the owned object. P105 right held by (has right on) is a shortcut of the fully developed path from E72 Legal Object through P104 is subject to (applies to), E30 Right, P75 possesses (is possessed by) to E39 Actor.

has sub-properties
has current ownerop
has domain
Legal Objectc
has range
Actorc

separatedop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P145_separated

This property identifies the instance of E39 Actor that leaves an instance of E74 Group through an instance of E86 Leaving.

has super-properties
had participantop
has domain
Leavingc
has range
Actorc

separated fromop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P146_separated_from

This property identifies the instance of E74 Group an instance of E39 Actor leaves through an instance of E86 Leaving. Although a Leaving activity normally concerns only one instance of E74 Group, it is possible to imagine circumstances under which leaving one E74 Group implies leaving another E74 Group as well.

has super-properties
had participantop
has domain
Leavingc
has range
Groupc

shows features ofop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P130_shows_features_of

This property generalises the notions of "copy of" and "similar to" into a directed relationship, where the domain expresses the derivative, if such a direction can be established. Otherwise, the relationship is symmetric. If the reason for similarity is a sort of derivation process, i.e., that the creator has used or had in mind the form of a particular thing during the creation or production, this process should be explicitly modelled. Moreover it expresses similarity in cases that can be stated between two objects only, without historical knowledge about its reasons.

has sub-properties
carriesop, has copyop, is copy ofop, is translation ofop
has domain
Thingc
has range
Thingc

shows visual itemop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P65_shows_visual_item

This property documents an E36 Visual Item shown by an instance of E24 Physical Man-Made Thing. This property is similar to P62 depicts (is depicted by) in that it associates an item of E24 Physical Man-Made Thing with a visual representation. However, P65 shows visual item (is shown by) differs from the P62 depicts (is depicted by) property in that it makes no claims about what the E36 Visual Item is deemed to represent. E36 Visual Item identifies a recognisable image or visual symbol, regardless of what this image may or may not represent. For example, all recent British coins bear a portrait of Queen Elizabeth II, a fact that is correctly documented using P62 depicts (is depicted by). Different portraits have been used at different periods, however. P65 shows visual item (is shown by) can be used to refer to a particular portrait. P65 shows visual item (is shown by) may also be used for Visual Items such as signs, marks and symbols, for example the 'Maltese Cross' or the 'copyright symbol’ that have no particular representational content. This property is part of the fully developed path from E24 Physical Man-Made Thing through P65 shows visual item (is shown by), E36 Visual Item, P138 represents (has representation) to E1 CRM Entity which is shortcut by, P62 depicts (is depicted by).

has super-properties
carriesop
has domain
Physical Man-Made Thingc
has range
Visual Itemc

startsop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P116_starts

This property allows the starting point for a E2 Temporal Entity to be situated by reference to the starting point of another temporal entity of longer duration.
This property is only necessary if the time span is unknown (otherwise the relationship can be calculated). This property is the same as the "starts / started-by" relationships of Allen’s temporal logic (Allen, 1983, pp. 832-843).

has sub-properties
has start dateop
has domain
Temporal Entityc
has range
Temporal Entityc

supported type creationop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P136i_supported_type_creation

has super-properties
influencedop
has domain
CRM Entityc
has range
Type Creationc

surrendered custody throughop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P28i_surrendered_custody_through

has super-properties
performedop
has domain
Actorc
has range
Transfer of Custodyc

surrendered title throughop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P23i_surrendered_title_through

has super-properties
performedop
has domain
Actorc
has range
Acquisitionc

took out of existenceop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P93_took_out_of_existence

This property allows an E64 End of Existence event to be linked to the E77 Persistent Item taken out of existence by it. In the case of immaterial things, the E64 End of Existence is considered to take place with the destruction of the last physical carrier. This allows an “end” to be attached to any Persistent Item being documented i.e. E70 Thing, E72 Legal Object, E39 Actor, E41 Appellation, E51 Contact Point and E55 Type. For many Persistent Items we know the maximum life-span and can infer, that they must have ended to exist. We assume in that case an End of Existence, which may be as unnoticeable as forgetting the secret knowledge by the last representative of some indigenous nation.

has super-properties
occurred in the presence ofop
has sub-properties
destroyedop, dissolvedop, transformedop, was death ofop
has domain
End of Existencec
has range
Persistent Itemc

took place atop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P7_took_place_at

This property describes the spatial location of an instance of E4 Period.

The related E53 Place should be seen as an approximation of the geographical area within which the phenomena that characterise the period in question occurred. P7took place at (witnessed) does not convey any meaning other than spatial positioning (generally on the surface of the earth). For example, the period "Révolution française" can be said to have taken place in “France”, the “Victorian” period, may be said to have taken place in “Britain” and its colonies, as well as other parts of Europe and north America. A period can take place at multiple locations. It is a shortcut of the more fully developed path from E4 Period through P161 has spatial projection, E53 Place, P89 falls within (contains) to E53 Place.

has sub-properties
has discovery placeop, has origin placeop
has domain
Periodc
has range
Placec

took place on or withinop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P8_took_place_on_or_within

This property describes the location of an instance of E4 Period with respect to an E19 Physical Object. P8 took place on or within (witnessed) is a shortcut of the more fully developed path from E4 Period through P7 took place at, E53 Place, P156 occupies (is occupied by) to E18 Physical Thing.

It describes a period that can be located with respect to the space defined by an E19 Physical Object such as a ship or a building. The precise geographical location of the object during the period in question may be unknown or unimportant. For example, the French and German armistice of 22 June 1940 was signed in the same railway carriage as the armistice of 11 November 1918.

has domain
Periodc
has range
Physical Thingc

transferred custody ofop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P30_transferred_custody_of

This property identifies an item or items of E18 Physical Thing concerned in an E10 Transfer of Custody activity. The property will typically describe the object that is handed over by an E39 Actor to another Actor’s custody. On occasion, physical custody may be transferred involuntarily or illegally – through accident, unsolicited donation, or theft.

transferred title fromop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P23_transferred_title_from

This property identifies the E39 Actor or Actors who relinquish legal ownership as the result of an E8 Acquisition. The property will typically be used to describe a person donating or selling an object to a museum. In reality title is either transferred to or from someone, or both.

has super-properties
carried out byop
has domain
Acquisitionc
has range
Actorc

transferred title ofop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P24_transferred_title_of

This property identifies the E18 Physical Thing or things involved in an E8 Acquisition. In reality, an acquisition must refer to at least one transferred item.

has domain
Acquisitionc
has range
Physical Thingc

transferred title toop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P22_transferred_title_to

This property identifies the E39 Actor that acquires the legal ownership of an object as a result of an E8 Acquisition. The property will typically describe an Actor purchasing or otherwise acquiring an object from another Actor. However, title may also be acquired, without any corresponding loss of title by another Actor, through legal fieldwork such as hunting, shooting or fishing. In reality the title is either transferred to or from someone, or both.

has super-properties
carried out byop
has domain
Acquisitionc
has range
Actorc

transformedop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P124_transformed

This property identifies the E77 Persistent Item or items that cease to exist due to a E81 Transformation. It is replaced by the result of the Transformation, which becomes a new unit of documentation. The continuity between both items, the new and the old, is expressed by the link to the common Transformation.

has super-properties
took out of existenceop
has domain
Transformationc
has range
Persistent Itemc

use foreseen byop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P68i_use_foreseen_by

has super-properties
is referred to byop
has domain
Materialc
has range
Design or Procedurec

used constituentop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P142_used_constituent

This property associates the event of assigning an instance of E42 Identifier to an entity, with the instances of E41 Appellation that were used as elements of the identifier.

has super-properties
used specific objectop
has domain
Identifier Assignmentc
has range
Symbolic Objectc

used general techniqueop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P32_used_general_technique

This property identifies the technique or method that was employed in an activity. These techniques should be drawn from an external E55 Type hierarchy of consistent terminology of general techniques or methods such as embroidery, oil-painting, carbon dating, etc. Specific documented techniques should be described as instances of E29 Design or Procedure. This property identifies the technique that was employed in an act of modification.

has super-properties
used object of typeop
has sub-properties
has epigraph writing styleop, has execution typeop
has domain
Activityc
has range
Typec

used object of typeop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P125_used_object_of_type

This property defines the kind of objects used in an E7 Activity, when the specific instance is either unknown or not of interest, such as use of "a hammer".

has sub-properties
used general techniqueop
has domain
Activityc
has range
Typec

used specific objectop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P16_used_specific_object

This property describes the use of material or immaterial things in a way essential to the performance or the outcome of an E7 Activity. This property typically applies to tools, instruments, moulds, raw materials and items embedded in a product. It implies that the presence of the object in question was a necessary condition for the action. For example, the activity of writing this text required the use of a computer. An immaterial thing can be used if at least one of its carriers is present. For example, the software tools on a computer. Another example is the use of a particular name by a particular group of people over some span to identify a thing, such as a settlement. In this case, the physical carriers of this name are at least the people understanding its use.

has super-properties
occurred in the presence ofop
was influenced byop
has sub-properties
addedop, used constituentop, used specific techniqueop
has domain
Activityc
has range
Thingc

used specific techniqueop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P33_used_specific_technique

This property identifies a specific instance of E29 Design or Procedure in order to carry out an instance of E7 Activity or parts of it. The property differs from P32 used general technique (was technique of) in that P33 refers to an instance of E29 Design or Procedure, which is a concrete information object in its own right rather than simply being a term or a method known by tradition. Typical examples would include intervention plans for conservation or the construction plans of a building.

has super-properties
used specific objectop
has domain
Activityc
has range
Design or Procedurec

was a presence ofop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P166_was_a_presence_of

This property relates an E93 Presence with the STV it is part of…

has domain
Presencec
has range
Spacetime Volumec

was added byop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P111i_was_added_by

has super-properties
was present atop
was used forop
has domain
Physical Thingc
has range
Part Additionc

was assessed byop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P34i_was_assessed_by

has super-properties
was attributed byop
has domain
Physical Thingc
has range
Condition Assessmentc

was assigned byop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P141i_was_assigned_by

was assigned byop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P37i_was_assigned_by

has super-properties
was assigned byop
has domain
Identifierc
has range
Identifier Assignmentc

was assigned byop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P42i_was_assigned_by

has super-properties
was assigned byop
has domain
Typec
has range
Type Assignmentc

was attributed byop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P140i_was_attributed_by

was augmented byop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P110i_was_augmented_by

has super-properties
was modified byop
has domain
Physical Man-Made Thingc
has range
Part Additionc

was based onop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P136_was_based_on

This property identifies one or more items that were used as evidence to declare a new E55 Type. The examination of these items is often the only objective way to understand the precise characteristics of a new Type. Such items should be deposited in a museum or similar institution for that reason. The taxonomic role renders the specific relationship of each item to the Type, such as "holotype" or "original element".

has super-properties
was influenced byop
has domain
Type Creationc
has range
CRM Entityc

was bornop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P98i_was_born

has super-properties
was brought into existence byop
has domain
Personc
has range
Birthc

was brought into existence byop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P92i_was_brought_into_existence_by

has super-properties
was present atop
has sub-properties
resulted fromop, was bornop, was created byop, was formed byop, was produced byop
has domain
Persistent Itemc
has range
Beginning of Existencec

was classified byop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P41i_was_classified_by

has super-properties
was attributed byop
has domain
CRM Entityc
has range
Type Assignmentc

was continued byop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P134i_was_continued_by

has super-properties
influencedop
has domain
Activityc
has range
Activityc

was created byop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P135i_was_created_by

has super-properties
was created byop
has domain
Typec
has range
Type Creationc

was created byop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P94i_was_created_by

has super-properties
was brought into existence byop
has sub-properties
was created byop
has domain
Conceptual Objectc
has range
Creationc

was curated byop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P147i_was_curated_by

has domain
Collectionc
has range
Curation Activityc

was deassigned byop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P38i_was_deassigned_by

has super-properties
was assigned byop
has domain
Identifierc
has range
Identifier Assignmentc

was death ofop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P100_was_death_of

This property property links an E69 Death event to the E21 Person that died.

has super-properties
took out of existenceop
has domain
Deathc
has range
Personc

was destination ofop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P26i_was_destination_of

has super-properties
witnessedop
has domain
Placec
has range
Movec

was destroyed byop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P13i_was_destroyed_by

has super-properties
was taken out of existence byop
has domain
Physical Thingc
has range
Destructionc

was diminished byop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P112i_was_diminished_by

has super-properties
was modified byop
has domain
Physical Man-Made Thingc
has range
Part Removalc

was dissolved byop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P99i_was_dissolved_by

has super-properties
participated inop
was taken out of existence byop
has domain
Groupc
has range
Dissolutionc

was employed inop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P126i_was_employed_in

has domain
Materialc
has range
Modificationc

was father forop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P97i_was_father_for

has domain
Personc
has range
Birthc

was formed byop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P95i_was_formed_by

has super-properties
was brought into existence byop
has domain
Groupc
has range
Formationc

was formed fromop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P151_was_formed_from

This property associates an instance of E66 Formation with an instance of E74 Group from which the new group was formed preserving a sense of continuity such as in mission, membership or tradition.

has super-properties
had participantop
has domain
Formationc
has range
Groupc

was identified byop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P35i_was_identified_by

has super-properties
was assigned byop
has domain
Condition Statec
has range
Condition Assessmentc

was influenced byop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P15_was_influenced_by

This is a high level property, which captures the relationship between an E7 Activity and anything that may have had some bearing upon it. The property has more specific sub properties.

has sub-properties
continuedop, used specific objectop, was based onop, was motivated byop
has domain
Activityc
has range
CRM Entityc

was intended forop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P103_was_intended_for

This property links an instance of E71 Man-Made Thing to an E55 Type of usage. It creates a property between specific man-made things, both physical and immaterial, to Types of intended methods and techniques of use. Note: A link between specific man-made things and a specific use activity should be expressed using P19 was intended use of (was made for).

has domain
Man-Made Thingc
has range
Typec

was intended use ofop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P19_was_intended_use_of

This property relates an E7 Activity with objects created specifically for use in the activity. This is distinct from the intended use of an item in some general type of activity such as the book of common prayer which was intended for use in Church of England services (see P101 had as general use (was use of)).

has domain
Activityc
has range
Man-Made Thingc

was intention ofop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P103i_was_intention_of

has domain
Typec
has range
Man-Made Thingc

was joined byop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P143i_was_joined_by

has super-properties
participated inop
has domain
Actorc
has range
Joiningc

was made forop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P19i_was_made_for

has domain
Man-Made Thingc
has range
Activityc

was maximum duration ofop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P84i_was_maximum_duration_of

has domain
Dimensionc
has range
Time-Spanc

was measured byop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P39i_was_measured_by

has super-properties
was attributed byop
has domain
CRM Entityc
has range
Measurementc

was minimum duration ofop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P83i_was_minimum_duration_of

has domain
Dimensionc
has range
Time-Spanc

was modified byop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P31i_was_modified_by

has super-properties
was present atop
has sub-properties
was augmented byop, was diminished byop, was produced byop
has domain
Physical Man-Made Thingc
has range
Modificationc

was motivated byop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P17_was_motivated_by

This property describes an item or items that are regarded as a reason for carrying out the E7 Activity. For example, the discovery of a large hoard of treasure may call for a celebration, an order from head quarters can start a military manoeuvre.

has super-properties
was influenced byop
has domain
Activityc
has range
CRM Entityc

was observed inop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P40i_was_observed_in

has super-properties
was assigned byop
has domain
Dimensionc
has range
Measurementc

was origin ofop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P27i_was_origin_of

has super-properties
witnessedop
has domain
Placec
has range
Movec

was place ofop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P167i_was_place_of

has domain
Placec
has range
Presencec

was present atop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P12i_was_present_at

was produced byop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P108i_was_produced_by

was purpose ofop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P20i_was_purpose_of

has domain
Eventc
has range
Activityc

was purpose ofop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P21i_was_purpose_of

has domain
Typec
has range
Activityc

was removed byop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P113i_was_removed_by

has super-properties
was present atop
has domain
Physical Thingc
has range
Part Removalc

was taken out of existence byop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P93i_was_taken_out_of_existence_by

has super-properties
was present atop
has sub-properties
died inop, was destroyed byop, was dissolved byop, was transformed byop
has domain
Persistent Itemc
has range
End of Existencec

was technique ofop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P32i_was_technique_of

has super-properties
was type of object used inop
has domain
Typec
has range
Activityc

was time-span ofop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P164i_was_time-span_of

has super-properties
is temporal projection ofop
has domain
Time-Spanc
has range
Presencec

was transformed byop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P124i_was_transformed_by

has super-properties
was taken out of existence byop
has domain
Persistent Itemc
has range
Transformationc

was type of object used inop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P125i_was_type_of_object_used_in

has sub-properties
was technique ofop
has domain
Typec
has range
Activityc

was use ofop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P101i_was_use_of

has domain
Typec
has range
Thingc

was used byop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P33i_was_used_by

has super-properties
was used forop
has domain
Design or Procedurec
has range
Activityc

was used forop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P16i_was_used_for

has super-properties
was present atop
influencedop
has sub-properties
was added byop, was used byop, was used inop
has domain
Thingc
has range
Activityc

was used inop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P142i_was_used_in

has super-properties
was used forop
has domain
Symbolic Objectc
has range
Identifier Assignmentc

witnessedop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P7i_witnessed

has sub-properties
was destination ofop, was origin ofop
has domain
Placec
has range
Periodc

witnessedop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P8i_witnessed

has domain
Physical Thingc
has range
Periodc

Data Properties

at some time withindp back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P82_at_some_time_within

This property describes the maximum period of time within which an E52 Time-Span falls. Since Time-Spans may not have precisely known temporal extents, the CRM supports statements about the minimum and maximum temporal extents of Time-Spans. This property allows a Time-Span’s maximum temporal extent (i.e. its outer boundary) to be assigned an E61 Time Primitive value. Time Primitives are treated by the CRM as application or system specific date intervals, and are not further analysed.

has sub-properties
begin of the begindp, end of the enddp
has domain
Time-Spanc
has range
literal

begin of the begindp back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P82a_begin_of_the_begin

This is defined as the first boundary of the property P82

has super-properties
at some time withindp
has domain
Time-Spanc
has range
date time

begin of the enddp back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P81b_begin_of_the_end

This is defined as the second boundary of the property P81

has super-properties
ongoing throughoutdp
has domain
Time-Spanc
has range
date time

beginning is qualified bydp back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P79_beginning_is_qualified_by

This property qualifies the beginning of an E52 Time-Span in some way. The nature of the qualification may be certainty, precision, source etc.

has super-properties
has notedp
has domain
Time-Spanc
has range
literal

end is qualified bydp back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P80_end_is_qualified_by

This property qualifies the end of an E52 Time-Span in some way. The nature of the qualification may be certainty, precision, source etc.

has super-properties
has notedp
has domain
Time-Spanc
has range
literal

end of the begindp back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P81a_end_of_the_begin

This is defined as the first boundary of the property P81

has super-properties
ongoing throughoutdp
has domain
Time-Spanc
has range
date time

end of the enddp back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P82b_end_of_the_end

This is defined as the second boundary of the property P82

has super-properties
at some time withindp
has domain
Time-Spanc
has range
date time

has bibliography textdp back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#has_bibliography_text

has super-properties
carries textdp

has datedp back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#has_date

has domain
datec
has range
int

has inscription textdp back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#has_inscription_text

has super-properties
carries textdp

has notedp back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P3_has_note

This property is a container for all informal descriptions about an object that have not been expressed in terms of CRM constructs. In particular it captures the characterisation of the item itself, its internal structures, appearance etc. Like property P2 has type (is type of), this property is a consequence of the restricted focus of the CRM. The aim is not to capture, in a structured form, everything that can be said about an item; indeed, the CRM formalism is not regarded as sufficient to express everything that can be said. Good practice requires use of distinct note fields for different aspects of a characterisation. The P3.1 has type property of P3 has note allows differentiation of specific notes, e.g. “construction”, “decoration” etc. An item may have many notes, but a note is attached to a specific item.

has sub-properties
beginning is qualified bydp, end is qualified bydp
has domain
CRM Entityc
has range
literal

has number of partsdp back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P57_has_number_of_parts

This property documents the E60 Number of parts of which an instance of E19 Physical Object is composed. This may be used as a method of checking inventory counts with regard to aggregate or collective objects. What constitutes a part or component depends on the context and requirements of the documentation. Normally, the parts documented in this way would not be considered as worthy of individual attention. For a more complete description, objects may be decomposed into their components and constituents using P46 is composed of (forms parts of) and P45 consists of (is incorporated in). This allows each element to be described individually.

has domain
Physical Objectc
has range
literal

has transcribed textdp back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#has_transcribed_text

has super-properties
carries textdp

has valuedp back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P90_has_value

This property allows an E54 Dimension to be approximated by an E60 Number primitive.

has sub-properties
has valuedp
has domain
Dimensionc
has range
literal

has valuedp back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#has_value

has super-properties
has valuedp

is originaldp back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: http://www.semanticweb.org/dmi-cnr/epigraph#is_original

has range
boolean

ongoing throughoutdp back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P81_ongoing_throughout

This property describes the minimum period of time covered by an E52 Time-Span. Since Time-Spans may not have precisely known temporal extents, the CRM supports statements about the minimum and maximum temporal extents of Time-Spans. This property allows a Time-Span’s minimum temporal extent (i.e. its inner boundary) to be assigned an E61 Time Primitive value. Time Primitives are treated by the CRM as application or system specific date intervals, and are not further analysed.

has sub-properties
begin of the enddp, end of the begindp
has domain
Time-Spanc
has range
literal

place is defined by dp back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P168_place_is_defined_by

This property associates an instance of E53 Place with an instance of E94 Space Primitive that defines it. Syntactic variants or use of different scripts may result in multiple instances of E94 Space Primitive defining exactly the same place. Transformations between different reference systems in general result in new definitions of places approximating each other and not in alternative definitions. Note that it is possible for a place to be defined by phenomena causal to it or other forms of identification rather than by an instance of E94 Space Primitive. In this case, this property must not be used for approximating the respective instance of E53 Place with an instance of E94 Space Primitive.

has domain
Placec
has range
literal

Named Individuals